This paper presents an algorithm for cooperative UAV navigation that exploits vision-based sensing, standalone GPS, differential GPS among antennas embarked on different flying platforms, and measurements obtained by inertial sensors and magnetometers. Unlike other cooperative navigation approaches, the developed technique is mainly aimed at improving navigation performance in outdoor environments, either in real time or off-line. The logical architecture and the main processing steps are discussed. Then, algorithms for differential GPS/vision processing and sensor fusion for navigation state estimation are introduced. Covariance analysis is used for theoretical performance assessment. The hardware system used for concept demonstration comprises a customized quadrotor and different GPS antennas and receivers, and is briefly described. Finally, first results from experimental tests are presented. In particular, the attitude solution obtained by differential GPS and vision is compared with the estimates provided by the onboard autopilot system.

Cooperative UAV navigation based on distributed multi-antenna GNSS, vision, and MEMS sensors

VETRELLA, AMEDEO RODI;FASANO, GIANCARMINE;RENGA, ALFREDO;ACCARDO, DOMENICO
2015

Abstract

This paper presents an algorithm for cooperative UAV navigation that exploits vision-based sensing, standalone GPS, differential GPS among antennas embarked on different flying platforms, and measurements obtained by inertial sensors and magnetometers. Unlike other cooperative navigation approaches, the developed technique is mainly aimed at improving navigation performance in outdoor environments, either in real time or off-line. The logical architecture and the main processing steps are discussed. Then, algorithms for differential GPS/vision processing and sensor fusion for navigation state estimation are introduced. Covariance analysis is used for theoretical performance assessment. The hardware system used for concept demonstration comprises a customized quadrotor and different GPS antennas and receivers, and is briefly described. Finally, first results from experimental tests are presented. In particular, the attitude solution obtained by differential GPS and vision is compared with the estimates provided by the onboard autopilot system.
9781479960101
9781479960101
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/619126
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