OBJECTIVE: To validate the simplest approach to preparing patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) for (131) I-administration ((131) I-A), minimizing the impact of hypothyroidism. DESIGN: Panel study. PATIENTS: Ninety patients with DTC were enrolled in the study. Sixty (Group A) underwent total thyroidectomy (TT); L-T4 was not administered in preparation for (131) I-A planned for 3 weeks later. Thirty patients (Group B) with previous TT and (131) I-A stopped L-T4 in preparation for clinical evaluation, including whole-body scanning (WBS)/radioiodine therapy during thyrotrophin (TSH) stimulation planned for 3 weeks (or more) later. MEASUREMENTS: Thyrotrophin was measured the day before TT for group A, during L-T4 for group B (baseline-time 1) and then every week until it reached ≥ 30 mIU/l (time 2). Quality of life (QoL) was evaluated by Billewicz index. RESULTS: At week 3, 100% of patients in group A and 56.6% of group B exceeded TSH > 30 mIU/l. In group B, the cut-off was achieved in four patients at the fourth week (TSH 38.6 ± 8.7 mIU/l), in 3 at the fifth (53.2 ± 3) and in 6 at the sixth (42.3 ± 6.1). From time 1 to time 2, total QoL scores were less affected in group A (percentage decrease: 105%) than in group B (218%). At time 2, the total score was >+19 in group A in 46 patients and in 30 in group B. In group A, TSH levels in the higher tertile of QoL (61 ± 6 mIU/l) were not different from those in the lower tertile (62.3 ± 11.1)(P > 0.1); similar results were seen in group B (69.3 ± 13.3 vs 62.9 ± 13.1)(P > 0.1). There was a positive correlation between the time to obtain TSH ≥ 30 mIU/l and total QoL scores. CONCLUSIONS: Quality of life scores were not affected by thyrotrophin was measured the day before TT levels as absolute values. A longer time to obtain TSH ≥ 30 mIU/l was positively correlated with worse scores of QoL. We suggest 3 weeks without therapy can be used as an easy schedule in patients who undergo TT for DTC.

An easy schedule for postsurgical radioiodine administration in newly diagnosed differentiated thyroid carcinoma patients

LUPOLI, GIOVANNI;PANICO, ANNALISA;GRANIERI, LUCIANA;LUPOLI, ROBERTA;CACCIAPUOTI, MARIANNA;LUPOLI, GELSY
2013

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To validate the simplest approach to preparing patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) for (131) I-administration ((131) I-A), minimizing the impact of hypothyroidism. DESIGN: Panel study. PATIENTS: Ninety patients with DTC were enrolled in the study. Sixty (Group A) underwent total thyroidectomy (TT); L-T4 was not administered in preparation for (131) I-A planned for 3 weeks later. Thirty patients (Group B) with previous TT and (131) I-A stopped L-T4 in preparation for clinical evaluation, including whole-body scanning (WBS)/radioiodine therapy during thyrotrophin (TSH) stimulation planned for 3 weeks (or more) later. MEASUREMENTS: Thyrotrophin was measured the day before TT for group A, during L-T4 for group B (baseline-time 1) and then every week until it reached ≥ 30 mIU/l (time 2). Quality of life (QoL) was evaluated by Billewicz index. RESULTS: At week 3, 100% of patients in group A and 56.6% of group B exceeded TSH > 30 mIU/l. In group B, the cut-off was achieved in four patients at the fourth week (TSH 38.6 ± 8.7 mIU/l), in 3 at the fifth (53.2 ± 3) and in 6 at the sixth (42.3 ± 6.1). From time 1 to time 2, total QoL scores were less affected in group A (percentage decrease: 105%) than in group B (218%). At time 2, the total score was >+19 in group A in 46 patients and in 30 in group B. In group A, TSH levels in the higher tertile of QoL (61 ± 6 mIU/l) were not different from those in the lower tertile (62.3 ± 11.1)(P > 0.1); similar results were seen in group B (69.3 ± 13.3 vs 62.9 ± 13.1)(P > 0.1). There was a positive correlation between the time to obtain TSH ≥ 30 mIU/l and total QoL scores. CONCLUSIONS: Quality of life scores were not affected by thyrotrophin was measured the day before TT levels as absolute values. A longer time to obtain TSH ≥ 30 mIU/l was positively correlated with worse scores of QoL. We suggest 3 weeks without therapy can be used as an easy schedule in patients who undergo TT for DTC.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/587357
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 2
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 2
social impact