The [beta][gamma]-crystallin superfamily includes highly diverse proteins belonging to all of the kingdoms of life. Based on structural topology, these proteins are considered to be evolutionarily related to the long-lived [beta][gamma]-crystallins that constitute the vertebrate eye lens. This study reports the crystallographic structure at 0.99 Å resolution of the two-domain [beta][gamma]-crystallin (geodin) from the sponge Geodia cydonium. This is the most ancient member of the [beta][gamma]-crystallin superfamily in metazoans. The X-ray structure shows that the geodin domains adopt the typical [beta][gamma]-crystallin fold with a paired Greek-key motif, thus confirming the hypothesis that the crystallin-type scaffold used in the evolution of bacteria and moulds was recruited very early in metazoans. As a significant new structural feature, the sponge protein possesses a unique interdomain interface made up by pairing between the second motif of the first domain and the first motif of the second domain. The atomic resolution also allowed a detailed analysis of the calcium-binding site of the protein.

A novel interdomain interface in crystallins: structural characterization of the [beta][gamma]-crystallin from Geodia cydonium at 0.99 Å resolution

VERGARA, ALESSANDRO;SICA, FILOMENA;PIZZO, ELIODORO;MERLINO, ANTONELLO
2013

Abstract

The [beta][gamma]-crystallin superfamily includes highly diverse proteins belonging to all of the kingdoms of life. Based on structural topology, these proteins are considered to be evolutionarily related to the long-lived [beta][gamma]-crystallins that constitute the vertebrate eye lens. This study reports the crystallographic structure at 0.99 Å resolution of the two-domain [beta][gamma]-crystallin (geodin) from the sponge Geodia cydonium. This is the most ancient member of the [beta][gamma]-crystallin superfamily in metazoans. The X-ray structure shows that the geodin domains adopt the typical [beta][gamma]-crystallin fold with a paired Greek-key motif, thus confirming the hypothesis that the crystallin-type scaffold used in the evolution of bacteria and moulds was recruited very early in metazoans. As a significant new structural feature, the sponge protein possesses a unique interdomain interface made up by pairing between the second motif of the first domain and the first motif of the second domain. The atomic resolution also allowed a detailed analysis of the calcium-binding site of the protein.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/547355
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