In this study we examined the effect of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), in particular of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), on calcium homeostasis in isolated adult rat cardiomyocytes exposed to KCl, ET-1 and anoxia. Free [Ca2+]i in rat cardiomyocytes was 135.7 ± 0.5 nM. Exposure to 50 mM KCl or 100 nM ET-1 resulted in a rise in free [Ca2+]i in freshly isolated cells (465.4 ± 15.6 nM and 311.3 ± 12.6 nM, respectively) and in cultured cells (450.8 ± 14.8 nM and 323.5 ± 14.8 nM respectively). An acute treatment (20 minutes) with 10 μM DHA significantly reduced the KCl- and ET-1-induced [Ca2+]i increase (300.9 ± 18.1 nM and 232.08 ± 11.8 nM, respectively). This reduction was greater after chronic treatment with DHA (72 h; 257.7 ± 13.08 nM and 192.18 ± 9.8 nM, respectively). Rat cardiomyocytes exposed to a 20 minute superfusion with anoxic solution, obtained by replacing O2 with N2 in gas mixture, showed a massive increase in cytosolic calcium (1200.2 ± 50.2 nM). Longer exposure to anoxia induced hypercontraction and later death of rat cardiomyocytes. Preincubation with DHA reduced the anoxic effect on [Ca2+]i (498.4 ± 7.3 nM in acute and 200.2 ± 12.2 nM in chronic treatment). In anoxic conditions 50 mM KCl and 100 nM ET-1 produced extreme and unmeasurable increases of [Ca2+]i. Preincubation for 20 minutes with DHA reduced this phenomenon (856.1 ± 20.3 nM and 782.3 ± 7.6 nM, respectively). This reduction is more evident after a chronic treatment with DHA (257.7 ± 10.6 nM and 232.2 ± 12.5 nM, respectively). We conclude that in rat cardiomyocytes KCl, ET-1 and anoxia interfered with intracellular calcium concentrations by either modifying calcium levels or impairing calcium homeostasis. Acute, and especially chronic, DHA administration markedly reduced the damage induced by calcium overload in those cells.

Effects of docosahexaenoic acid on calcium pathway in adult rat cardiomyocytes / B., Rinaldi; DI PIERRO, Prospero; M. R., Vitelli; M., D'Amico; L., Berrino; F., Rossi; A., Filippelli. - In: LIFE SCIENCES. - ISSN 0024-3205. - STAMPA. - 71:(2002), pp. 993-1004. [10.1016/S0024-3205(02)01792-7]

Effects of docosahexaenoic acid on calcium pathway in adult rat cardiomyocytes

DI PIERRO, PROSPERO;
2002

Abstract

In this study we examined the effect of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), in particular of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), on calcium homeostasis in isolated adult rat cardiomyocytes exposed to KCl, ET-1 and anoxia. Free [Ca2+]i in rat cardiomyocytes was 135.7 ± 0.5 nM. Exposure to 50 mM KCl or 100 nM ET-1 resulted in a rise in free [Ca2+]i in freshly isolated cells (465.4 ± 15.6 nM and 311.3 ± 12.6 nM, respectively) and in cultured cells (450.8 ± 14.8 nM and 323.5 ± 14.8 nM respectively). An acute treatment (20 minutes) with 10 μM DHA significantly reduced the KCl- and ET-1-induced [Ca2+]i increase (300.9 ± 18.1 nM and 232.08 ± 11.8 nM, respectively). This reduction was greater after chronic treatment with DHA (72 h; 257.7 ± 13.08 nM and 192.18 ± 9.8 nM, respectively). Rat cardiomyocytes exposed to a 20 minute superfusion with anoxic solution, obtained by replacing O2 with N2 in gas mixture, showed a massive increase in cytosolic calcium (1200.2 ± 50.2 nM). Longer exposure to anoxia induced hypercontraction and later death of rat cardiomyocytes. Preincubation with DHA reduced the anoxic effect on [Ca2+]i (498.4 ± 7.3 nM in acute and 200.2 ± 12.2 nM in chronic treatment). In anoxic conditions 50 mM KCl and 100 nM ET-1 produced extreme and unmeasurable increases of [Ca2+]i. Preincubation for 20 minutes with DHA reduced this phenomenon (856.1 ± 20.3 nM and 782.3 ± 7.6 nM, respectively). This reduction is more evident after a chronic treatment with DHA (257.7 ± 10.6 nM and 232.2 ± 12.5 nM, respectively). We conclude that in rat cardiomyocytes KCl, ET-1 and anoxia interfered with intracellular calcium concentrations by either modifying calcium levels or impairing calcium homeostasis. Acute, and especially chronic, DHA administration markedly reduced the damage induced by calcium overload in those cells.
2002
Effects of docosahexaenoic acid on calcium pathway in adult rat cardiomyocytes / B., Rinaldi; DI PIERRO, Prospero; M. R., Vitelli; M., D'Amico; L., Berrino; F., Rossi; A., Filippelli. - In: LIFE SCIENCES. - ISSN 0024-3205. - STAMPA. - 71:(2002), pp. 993-1004. [10.1016/S0024-3205(02)01792-7]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/546107
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