The accumulation of heparan sulfate (HS) in lysosomes is the primary consequence of the enzyme defect (α-N-acetylglucosaminidase) in mucopolysaccharidosis type IIIB. This accumulation triggers a cascade of pathological events that progressively leads to CNS pathology. Here we examined the activation of the three major stress kinases in the neuronal tissue of a murine model of the disease. ERK1/2 was significantly higher in the cortex of 1–2-month-old affected animals compared with wild-type (Wt) littermates. Similarly, ERK1/2 was stimulated in neurons cultured from MPS IIIB mice. SAPK/JNK was also found to be activated in the cortex of 1–2-month-old affected animals compared with Wt subjects, and the same was found for cultured neurons. In contrast, the active form of p38MAPK was lower in the cortex of 1-month-old MPS IIIB mice compared with Wt animals, but no significant difference was found between the two p38MAPK analyzed in normal and affected neurons cultured in vitro. These data indicate the possible involvement of MAPK dysregulation in the early stage of MPS IIIB brain disease.

Activation of stress kinases in the brain of mucopolysaccharidosis IIIB mice

CECERE, FRANCESCA;BOSCIA, FRANCESCA;DI NATALE, PAOLA
2011

Abstract

The accumulation of heparan sulfate (HS) in lysosomes is the primary consequence of the enzyme defect (α-N-acetylglucosaminidase) in mucopolysaccharidosis type IIIB. This accumulation triggers a cascade of pathological events that progressively leads to CNS pathology. Here we examined the activation of the three major stress kinases in the neuronal tissue of a murine model of the disease. ERK1/2 was significantly higher in the cortex of 1–2-month-old affected animals compared with wild-type (Wt) littermates. Similarly, ERK1/2 was stimulated in neurons cultured from MPS IIIB mice. SAPK/JNK was also found to be activated in the cortex of 1–2-month-old affected animals compared with Wt subjects, and the same was found for cultured neurons. In contrast, the active form of p38MAPK was lower in the cortex of 1-month-old MPS IIIB mice compared with Wt animals, but no significant difference was found between the two p38MAPK analyzed in normal and affected neurons cultured in vitro. These data indicate the possible involvement of MAPK dysregulation in the early stage of MPS IIIB brain disease.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/411246
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