The baroreflex response to changes in transmural pressure throughout the arterial tree or limited to the carotid sinus was evaluated in ten borderline hypertensives and compared with that observed in ten normal subjects and in ten established hypertensives. Baroreceptor sensitivity was tested by evaluating both heart rate response to phenylephrine-induced increase in arterial pressure and heart rate and blood pressure changes induced by increased neck tissue pressure by means of a neck chamber. The heart rate response to phenylephrine (evaluated by the regression of the R-R interval versus the systolic blood pressure) was depressed both in borderline and established hypertensives as compared with controls. Similarly, the heart rate and the pressor response to increased neck tissue pressure were depressed in both groups of hypertensives. In borderline, but not in established hypertensives, neostigmine administration improved consistently the pressor baroreflex response to increased neck tissue pressure and the heart rate reflex response to both the employed stimuli. These findings indicate that a reduced parasympathetic activity is one of the components involved in the altered baroreflex sensitivity in borderline hypertensives.

Baroreflex responsiveness in borderline hypertensives: a study with neostigmine.

TRIMARCO, BRUNO;VIGORITO, CARLO;SACCA', LUIGI;RENGO, FRANCO;
1981

Abstract

The baroreflex response to changes in transmural pressure throughout the arterial tree or limited to the carotid sinus was evaluated in ten borderline hypertensives and compared with that observed in ten normal subjects and in ten established hypertensives. Baroreceptor sensitivity was tested by evaluating both heart rate response to phenylephrine-induced increase in arterial pressure and heart rate and blood pressure changes induced by increased neck tissue pressure by means of a neck chamber. The heart rate response to phenylephrine (evaluated by the regression of the R-R interval versus the systolic blood pressure) was depressed both in borderline and established hypertensives as compared with controls. Similarly, the heart rate and the pressor response to increased neck tissue pressure were depressed in both groups of hypertensives. In borderline, but not in established hypertensives, neostigmine administration improved consistently the pressor baroreflex response to increased neck tissue pressure and the heart rate reflex response to both the employed stimuli. These findings indicate that a reduced parasympathetic activity is one of the components involved in the altered baroreflex sensitivity in borderline hypertensives.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/398401
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