Palmitoylethanolamde (PEA) is an endogenous lipid neuromodulator that mediates a broad spectrum of pharmacological effects by activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPAR-α). Detectable or high levels of PEA in the CNS have been found, but the specific function of this lipid remains to be clarified. Here we report evidence that PEA, activating PPAR-α receptor and involving neurosteroids de novo synthesis, modulates pentobarbital-evoked hypnotic effect. A single i.c.v. administration of PEA (1–5 μg) increases pentobarbital induced loss of righting reflex (LORR) duration in mice. This effect is mimicked by GW7647 (3 μg), a synthetic PPAR-α agonist, and disappears in PPAR-α knockout mice. Antagonism experiments strongly support the engaging of neurosteroidogenic pathway in the increase of LORR duration induced by PEA. This effect disappeared using two inhibitors blocking the key steps of neurosteroids synthesis, aminogluthetimide and finasteride. Moreover, we demonstrated that in brainstem PEA increased the expression of steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR) and cytochrome P450 side-chain cleavage (P450scc), both involved in neurosteroidogenesis. Accordingly, allopregnanolone (ALLO) levels were in turn higher in brainstem of PEA and pentobarbital treated mice vs pentobarbital alone, as revealed by quantitative analysis using gas

Palmitoylethanolamide modulates pentobarbital-evoked hypnotic effect in miceInvolvement of allopregnanolone biosynthesis.

LA RANA, GIOVANNA;RUSSO, ROBERTO;MELI, ROSARIA;CALIGNANO, ANTONIO
2010

Abstract

Palmitoylethanolamde (PEA) is an endogenous lipid neuromodulator that mediates a broad spectrum of pharmacological effects by activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPAR-α). Detectable or high levels of PEA in the CNS have been found, but the specific function of this lipid remains to be clarified. Here we report evidence that PEA, activating PPAR-α receptor and involving neurosteroids de novo synthesis, modulates pentobarbital-evoked hypnotic effect. A single i.c.v. administration of PEA (1–5 μg) increases pentobarbital induced loss of righting reflex (LORR) duration in mice. This effect is mimicked by GW7647 (3 μg), a synthetic PPAR-α agonist, and disappears in PPAR-α knockout mice. Antagonism experiments strongly support the engaging of neurosteroidogenic pathway in the increase of LORR duration induced by PEA. This effect disappeared using two inhibitors blocking the key steps of neurosteroids synthesis, aminogluthetimide and finasteride. Moreover, we demonstrated that in brainstem PEA increased the expression of steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR) and cytochrome P450 side-chain cleavage (P450scc), both involved in neurosteroidogenesis. Accordingly, allopregnanolone (ALLO) levels were in turn higher in brainstem of PEA and pentobarbital treated mice vs pentobarbital alone, as revealed by quantitative analysis using gas
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Palmitoylethanolamide modulates pentobarbital-evoked hypnotic effect in mice Involvement of allopregnanolone biosynthesis.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Documento in Post-print
Licenza: Accesso privato/ristretto
Dimensione 1.02 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.02 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/366379
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 31
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 31
social impact