Campi Flegrei is a densely populated active volcanic fi eld. Two major explosive volcanic events have led to the formation of nested calderas. Detailed stratigraphy of the volcanic rocks outcropping in part of this area contributes toward a better understanding and defi nition of the volcanic hazard. Our research activity focuses on the southwestern sector of Campi Flegrei including Procida Island. This area is particularly suitable for stratigraphic reconstruction due to the thick pyroclastic sequences exposed on the coastal cliffs. These sequences include several paleosol horizons and substantially represent the products of all the volcanic activity of Campi Flegrei. The onset of volcanic activity in this area is represented by products related to the activity of scattered vents of unconstrained age. From 74 to 55 ka, they were mantled by products erupted in the nearby island of Ischia. Circa 39 ka, the Campanian Ignimbrite eruption occurred in the Campi Flegrei area, producing a large caldera. A thick succession of welded pyroclasts, lithic breccias, and associated ash- and pumice-flow deposits was emplaced in the proximal area. The local activity resumed at 19–17 ka with the formation of monogenetic volcanoes. A phreatoplinian eruption (Neapolitan Yellow Tuff) occurred at 15 ka, which produced a second, nested caldera. Stratified yellow tuff volcanoes, ranging in age between 9 and 5 ka, developed along the Neapolitan Yellow Tuff caldera boundary. Minor tephra layers testify to the fi nal explosive activity vented in this area.

Stratigraphy and volcanological evolution of the southwestern sector of Campi Flegrei and Procida Island, Italy

SCARPATI, CLAUDIO;LUONGO, GIUSEPPE;MORRA, VINCENZO
2010

Abstract

Campi Flegrei is a densely populated active volcanic fi eld. Two major explosive volcanic events have led to the formation of nested calderas. Detailed stratigraphy of the volcanic rocks outcropping in part of this area contributes toward a better understanding and defi nition of the volcanic hazard. Our research activity focuses on the southwestern sector of Campi Flegrei including Procida Island. This area is particularly suitable for stratigraphic reconstruction due to the thick pyroclastic sequences exposed on the coastal cliffs. These sequences include several paleosol horizons and substantially represent the products of all the volcanic activity of Campi Flegrei. The onset of volcanic activity in this area is represented by products related to the activity of scattered vents of unconstrained age. From 74 to 55 ka, they were mantled by products erupted in the nearby island of Ischia. Circa 39 ka, the Campanian Ignimbrite eruption occurred in the Campi Flegrei area, producing a large caldera. A thick succession of welded pyroclasts, lithic breccias, and associated ash- and pumice-flow deposits was emplaced in the proximal area. The local activity resumed at 19–17 ka with the formation of monogenetic volcanoes. A phreatoplinian eruption (Neapolitan Yellow Tuff) occurred at 15 ka, which produced a second, nested caldera. Stratified yellow tuff volcanoes, ranging in age between 9 and 5 ka, developed along the Neapolitan Yellow Tuff caldera boundary. Minor tephra layers testify to the fi nal explosive activity vented in this area.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/363989
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