1. Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in ultra-narrow immobilized pH gradient shifted the "Hb fast" band of AA buffalo phenotype haemoglobin into two components which were named Hb1 and Hb3. 2. Urea/Triton electrophoresis and reversed-phase HPLC demonstrated that Hb1 and Hb3 differ in the presence of two structurally distinct alpha chains (alpha 1 and alpha 3), also suggesting that the alpha chains must differ for neutral amino acid substitution. 3. Extensive mass spectrometric analysis on several digests (FAB overlapping) meant to determine the complete sequence of the constituent chains. 4. Two amino acid replacements (Lys 18----His and Asn 116----His) were present in the beta chain with respect to the bovine (A phenotype) chain, whereas the alpha 1 and alpha 3 globins were found to contain four amino acid replacements compared to the bovine alpha, three of which were identical (Glu 23----Asp, Glu 71----Gly and Phe 117----Cys) and, notably, an insertion of Ala at position 123-124. 5. Furthermore, alpha 1 contains Phe at position 130 whereas alpha 3 contains Ser at position 132 (following the modified numbering as a consequence of the Ala insertion).

River buffalo (Bubalus bubalis L.) AA phenotype haemoglobins: characterization by immobiline polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and high performance liquid chromatography and determination of the primary structure of the constitutive chains by mass spectrometry.

FERRANTI, PASQUALE;PUCCI, PIETRO;RUOPPOLO, MARGHERITA;MARINO, GENNARO;
1992

Abstract

1. Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in ultra-narrow immobilized pH gradient shifted the "Hb fast" band of AA buffalo phenotype haemoglobin into two components which were named Hb1 and Hb3. 2. Urea/Triton electrophoresis and reversed-phase HPLC demonstrated that Hb1 and Hb3 differ in the presence of two structurally distinct alpha chains (alpha 1 and alpha 3), also suggesting that the alpha chains must differ for neutral amino acid substitution. 3. Extensive mass spectrometric analysis on several digests (FAB overlapping) meant to determine the complete sequence of the constituent chains. 4. Two amino acid replacements (Lys 18----His and Asn 116----His) were present in the beta chain with respect to the bovine (A phenotype) chain, whereas the alpha 1 and alpha 3 globins were found to contain four amino acid replacements compared to the bovine alpha, three of which were identical (Glu 23----Asp, Glu 71----Gly and Phe 117----Cys) and, notably, an insertion of Ala at position 123-124. 5. Furthermore, alpha 1 contains Phe at position 130 whereas alpha 3 contains Ser at position 132 (following the modified numbering as a consequence of the Ala insertion).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/357701
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