OBJECTIVE: Many gene products involved in oxidation and inflammation are implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. We investigated paraoxonase 2 (PON2), 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO), and 5-LO activating protein (FLAP) expression and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels in carotid lesions to assess their involvement in plaque formation. METHODS AND RESULTS: We measured gene expression and MDA levels in atherosclerotic plaques from 59 patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy, and in plaque-adjacent tissue from 41/59 patients. Twenty-three fetal carotids and 6 mammary arteries were also investigated. Real-time polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry revealed decreased PON2 expression in plaques versus adjacent regions (P<0.005, P<0.001, respectively), mammary arteries (P<0.031, P<0.001, respectively), and fetal carotids (both P<0.001). mRNA levels of 5-LO and FLAP were higher (P<0.038, P<0.005, respectively) in lesions versus fetal carotids. MDA was higher in plaques versus plaque-adjacent tissue and fetal carotids. PON2 mRNA was downregulated by oxidative stress in 5 ex vivo experiments, thereby indicating its possible atheroprotection role. CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrate that PON2 mRNA and protein are decreased in plaques versus plaque-adjacent tissue, mammary arteries, and fetal carotids. Our data indicate that the protective effect of PON2 could fail during atherosclerosis exacerbation; this was confirmed by the increase of MDA levels. The increase of 5-LO and FLAP mRNA expression confirms their role as inflammatory markers associated to atherosclerosis.

Decreased Paraoxonase-2 Expression in Human Carotids During the Progression of Atherosclerosis

Fortunato, Giuliana;Di Taranto, Maria Donata;Bracale, Umberto Marcello;Del Guercio, Luca;Carbone, Francesca;Mazzaccara, Cristina;Morgante A.;D'armiento, Francesco Paolo;D'armiento, Maria;Porcellini, Massimo;Sacchetti, Lucia;Bracale, Giancarlo;
2008

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Many gene products involved in oxidation and inflammation are implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. We investigated paraoxonase 2 (PON2), 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO), and 5-LO activating protein (FLAP) expression and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels in carotid lesions to assess their involvement in plaque formation. METHODS AND RESULTS: We measured gene expression and MDA levels in atherosclerotic plaques from 59 patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy, and in plaque-adjacent tissue from 41/59 patients. Twenty-three fetal carotids and 6 mammary arteries were also investigated. Real-time polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry revealed decreased PON2 expression in plaques versus adjacent regions (P<0.005, P<0.001, respectively), mammary arteries (P<0.031, P<0.001, respectively), and fetal carotids (both P<0.001). mRNA levels of 5-LO and FLAP were higher (P<0.038, P<0.005, respectively) in lesions versus fetal carotids. MDA was higher in plaques versus plaque-adjacent tissue and fetal carotids. PON2 mRNA was downregulated by oxidative stress in 5 ex vivo experiments, thereby indicating its possible atheroprotection role. CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrate that PON2 mRNA and protein are decreased in plaques versus plaque-adjacent tissue, mammary arteries, and fetal carotids. Our data indicate that the protective effect of PON2 could fail during atherosclerosis exacerbation; this was confirmed by the increase of MDA levels. The increase of 5-LO and FLAP mRNA expression confirms their role as inflammatory markers associated to atherosclerosis.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol.2008.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Documento in Post-print
Licenza: Accesso privato/ristretto
Dimensione 971.3 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
971.3 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/342369
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 11
  • Scopus 29
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 31
social impact