OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence, association with clinical conditions, and long-term course of macro-aspartate aminotransferase (macro-AST). STUDY DESIGN: Forty-four children with an isolated elevation of serum AST were screened for macro-AST with electrophoresis and % polyethylene glycol (PEG) precipitable activity (PPA). RESULTS: All children were healthy, except they had elevated AST values. Seventeen children (38.6%) were macro-AST-positive. They had higher AST values than the 27 children who were macro-AST-negative (P = .001). Values <67.1% PPA and >82.2% PPA were associated with a very low probability of being macro-AST-positive and macro-AST-negative, respectively. Thirty-eight children underwent clinical and laboratory follow-up (mean, 4.7 +/- 3.8; range, 1-16 years). All remained symptom-free. AST levels decreased significantly only in children who were macro-AST-negative (P = .006). Macroenzyme persisted in 6 of the 9 children who were macro-AST-positive after 6.0 +/- 4.1 years. CONCLUSIONS: Macro-AST was present in more than one-third of children with an isolated increase of AST levels. The lack of pathological correlates in a long period argues for the benign nature of this phenomenon in childhood. We suggest that our %PPA thresholds can be used as a screening test and that electrophoresis be reserved for confirming positive screen test results and cases in which %PPA levels are of intermediate discriminant accuracy.

Prevalence and Long-term corse of macro-aspartate aminotransferase in children

CAROPRESO, MARIA;FORTUNATO, GIULIANA;LENTA, SELVAGGIA;PALMIERI, DANIELA;VITALE, DINO FRANCO;IORIO, RAFFAELE;VAJRO, PIETRO
2009

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence, association with clinical conditions, and long-term course of macro-aspartate aminotransferase (macro-AST). STUDY DESIGN: Forty-four children with an isolated elevation of serum AST were screened for macro-AST with electrophoresis and % polyethylene glycol (PEG) precipitable activity (PPA). RESULTS: All children were healthy, except they had elevated AST values. Seventeen children (38.6%) were macro-AST-positive. They had higher AST values than the 27 children who were macro-AST-negative (P = .001). Values <67.1% PPA and >82.2% PPA were associated with a very low probability of being macro-AST-positive and macro-AST-negative, respectively. Thirty-eight children underwent clinical and laboratory follow-up (mean, 4.7 +/- 3.8; range, 1-16 years). All remained symptom-free. AST levels decreased significantly only in children who were macro-AST-negative (P = .006). Macroenzyme persisted in 6 of the 9 children who were macro-AST-positive after 6.0 +/- 4.1 years. CONCLUSIONS: Macro-AST was present in more than one-third of children with an isolated increase of AST levels. The lack of pathological correlates in a long period argues for the benign nature of this phenomenon in childhood. We suggest that our %PPA thresholds can be used as a screening test and that electrophoresis be reserved for confirming positive screen test results and cases in which %PPA levels are of intermediate discriminant accuracy.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
65.JPediatr09CaropresoMacroAST.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Abstract
Licenza: Accesso privato/ristretto
Dimensione 241.63 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
241.63 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Prevalence and long-term course of macro-aspartate aminotransferase in children.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Documento in Post-print
Licenza: Accesso privato/ristretto
Dimensione 241.63 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
241.63 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/333836
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 7
  • Scopus 43
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 35
social impact