Neuropathic pain consequent to peripheral nerve injury has been associated with local inflammation. Following noxious stimulation afferent fibres release substance P (SP) and calcitonin-gene related peptide (CGRP), which are closely related to oedema formation and plasma leakage. The effect of the anandamide transport blocker AM404 has been studied on plasma extravasation after chronic constriction injury (CCI) which consists in a unilateral loose ligation of the rat sciatic nerve (Bennett and Xie, 1988). AM404 (1-3-10 mg/kg) reduced plasma extravasation in the legated paw, measured as mg of Evans Blue per gram of fresh tissue. A strong effect on vascular permeability was also produced by the synthetic cannabinoid agonist WIN 55,212-2 (0.1-0.3-1 mg/kg). Using specific antagonists or enzyme inhibitors, we demonstrate that cannabinoids act at several levels: data on the 3rd day suggest a strong involvement of substance P (SP) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in the control of vascular tone, whereas at the 7th and 14th days the major role seems to be played by prostaglandins (PGs) and nitric oxide (NO). Capsaicin injection in ligated paws of AM404 or WIN 55,212-2-treated rats resulted in an increase of Evans Blue extravasation, suggesting the involvement of the cannabinergic system in the protective effect of C fibres of ligated paws. Taken together, these data demonstrate the efficacy of cannabinoids in controlling pain behaviour through the modulation of several pain mediators and markers of vascular reactivity, such as SP, CGRP, PGs and NO.

AM404, an anandamide transport inhibitor, reduces plasma extravasation in a model of neuropathic pain in rat: role for cannabinoid receptors

LA RANA, GIOVANNA;RUSSO, ROBERTO;MATTACE RASO, GIUSEPPINA;MELI, ROSARIA;CALIGNANO, ANTONIO
2008

Abstract

Neuropathic pain consequent to peripheral nerve injury has been associated with local inflammation. Following noxious stimulation afferent fibres release substance P (SP) and calcitonin-gene related peptide (CGRP), which are closely related to oedema formation and plasma leakage. The effect of the anandamide transport blocker AM404 has been studied on plasma extravasation after chronic constriction injury (CCI) which consists in a unilateral loose ligation of the rat sciatic nerve (Bennett and Xie, 1988). AM404 (1-3-10 mg/kg) reduced plasma extravasation in the legated paw, measured as mg of Evans Blue per gram of fresh tissue. A strong effect on vascular permeability was also produced by the synthetic cannabinoid agonist WIN 55,212-2 (0.1-0.3-1 mg/kg). Using specific antagonists or enzyme inhibitors, we demonstrate that cannabinoids act at several levels: data on the 3rd day suggest a strong involvement of substance P (SP) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in the control of vascular tone, whereas at the 7th and 14th days the major role seems to be played by prostaglandins (PGs) and nitric oxide (NO). Capsaicin injection in ligated paws of AM404 or WIN 55,212-2-treated rats resulted in an increase of Evans Blue extravasation, suggesting the involvement of the cannabinergic system in the protective effect of C fibres of ligated paws. Taken together, these data demonstrate the efficacy of cannabinoids in controlling pain behaviour through the modulation of several pain mediators and markers of vascular reactivity, such as SP, CGRP, PGs and NO.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
AM404, an anandamide transport inhibitor, reduces plasma extravasation in a model of neuropathic pain in rat role for cannabinoid receptors..pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Documento in Post-print
Licenza: Accesso privato/ristretto
Dimensione 1.05 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.05 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/333656
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 35
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 36
social impact