A series of cycloalkyl, bicycloalkyl, aryl, and heteroaryl N (6)-substituted derivatives of the antitumor agent 3'- C-methyladenosine (3'-Me-Ado), an inhibitor of the alpha Rnr1 subunit of mammalian ribonucleotide reductase (RR), were synthesized. The cytotoxicity of these compounds was evaluated against a panel of human leukemia and carcinoma cell lines and compared to that of some corresponding N (6)-substituted adenosine analogues. N (6)-cycloalkyl-3'- C-methylribonucleosides 2- 7 and N (6)-phenyl analogue 8 were found to inhibit the proliferation of K562 leukemia cells. N (6)-(+/-)- endo-2-norbornyl-3'- C-methyladenosine ( 7) was found to be the most cytotoxic compound, with GI 50 values slightly higher than that of 3'-Me-Ado against K562 and carcinoma cell lines and 2.7 fold higher cytotoxicity against human promyelocytic leukemia HL-60 cells. The SAR study confirms that an unsubstituted N (6)-amino group is essential for optimal cytotoxicity of 3'-Me-Ado against both K562 and carcinoma cell lines. Computational studies, carried out on the eukaryotic alpha subunit (Rnr1) of RR from Saccharomyces cerevisiae were performed to rationalize the observed structure-activity relationships.

Ribose-modified purine nucleosides as ribonucleotide reductase inhibitors. Synthesis, antitumor activity, and molecular modeling of N6-substituted 3'-C-methyladenosine derivatives

LAVECCHIA, ANTONIO;
2008

Abstract

A series of cycloalkyl, bicycloalkyl, aryl, and heteroaryl N (6)-substituted derivatives of the antitumor agent 3'- C-methyladenosine (3'-Me-Ado), an inhibitor of the alpha Rnr1 subunit of mammalian ribonucleotide reductase (RR), were synthesized. The cytotoxicity of these compounds was evaluated against a panel of human leukemia and carcinoma cell lines and compared to that of some corresponding N (6)-substituted adenosine analogues. N (6)-cycloalkyl-3'- C-methylribonucleosides 2- 7 and N (6)-phenyl analogue 8 were found to inhibit the proliferation of K562 leukemia cells. N (6)-(+/-)- endo-2-norbornyl-3'- C-methyladenosine ( 7) was found to be the most cytotoxic compound, with GI 50 values slightly higher than that of 3'-Me-Ado against K562 and carcinoma cell lines and 2.7 fold higher cytotoxicity against human promyelocytic leukemia HL-60 cells. The SAR study confirms that an unsubstituted N (6)-amino group is essential for optimal cytotoxicity of 3'-Me-Ado against both K562 and carcinoma cell lines. Computational studies, carried out on the eukaryotic alpha subunit (Rnr1) of RR from Saccharomyces cerevisiae were performed to rationalize the observed structure-activity relationships.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/304026
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