Studies regarding the functions of the bovine papillomavirus (BPV) E5 oncoprotein in vivo are lacking and no E5- mediated mechanism underlying epithelial carcinogenesis is known. We have shown that BPV-2 DNA is present in the majority of naturally occurring urinary bladder tumours of cattle and that E5 is expressed in the cancer cells. Here we show that the interaction between the platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) b receptor and BPV E5, described in vitro in cultured cells, takes place in vivo in bovine urinary bladder cancers. In these cancers, E5 and PDGFb receptor colocalize,as shown by confocal microscopy, and physically interact, as shown by coimmunoprecipitation. Furthermore,the PDGFb receptor associated withE5 is highly phosphorylated,suggesting the functional activation of the receptor upon E5 interaction.Our results demonstrate,for the first time, that E5–PDGFb receptor interaction occurs during the natural history of bovine urinary bladder tumours, suggesting an important role for E5 in carcinogenesis. Finally, the system provides a suitable animal model of papillomavirus-associated cancer to test therapeutic vaccination against E5. Successful bladder tumour regression would provide a valuable model for therapeutic vaccination against papillomavirus-associated tumours.

Bovine papillomavirus E5 oncoprotein binds to the activated form of the platelet-derived growth factor beta receptor in naturally occurring bovine urinary bladder tumours

BORZACCHIELLO, GIUSEPPE;RUSSO, VALERIA;ROPERTO, FRANCO PEPPINO;NITSCH, LUCIO;ROPERTO, SANTE
2006

Abstract

Studies regarding the functions of the bovine papillomavirus (BPV) E5 oncoprotein in vivo are lacking and no E5- mediated mechanism underlying epithelial carcinogenesis is known. We have shown that BPV-2 DNA is present in the majority of naturally occurring urinary bladder tumours of cattle and that E5 is expressed in the cancer cells. Here we show that the interaction between the platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) b receptor and BPV E5, described in vitro in cultured cells, takes place in vivo in bovine urinary bladder cancers. In these cancers, E5 and PDGFb receptor colocalize,as shown by confocal microscopy, and physically interact, as shown by coimmunoprecipitation. Furthermore,the PDGFb receptor associated withE5 is highly phosphorylated,suggesting the functional activation of the receptor upon E5 interaction.Our results demonstrate,for the first time, that E5–PDGFb receptor interaction occurs during the natural history of bovine urinary bladder tumours, suggesting an important role for E5 in carcinogenesis. Finally, the system provides a suitable animal model of papillomavirus-associated cancer to test therapeutic vaccination against E5. Successful bladder tumour regression would provide a valuable model for therapeutic vaccination against papillomavirus-associated tumours.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/202229
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