Bovine seminal ribonuclease (BS-RNase), a natural dimeric homolog of bovine pancreatic RNase (RNase A), and HHP2-RNase, an engineered dimeric form of human pancreatic RNase (HP-RNase), are endowed with powerful antitumor effects. Here we show that BS- and HHP2-RNases, but not monomeric RNase A, induce apoptosis of human thyroid carcinoma cell lines. RNase-induced apoptosis was associated with activation of initiation caspase-8 and -9. This was followed by activation of executioner caspase-3, leading to the proteolytic cleavage of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase. The caspase inhibitor Z-Val-Ala-Asp-(OMe)-fluoromethylketone protected thyroid cancer cells from BS-RNase-induced apoptosis. RNase-triggered apoptosis and caspase activation were accompanied by reduced phosphorylation of Akt/protein kinase B (PKB), a serine-threonine kinase that when phosphorylated is able to deliver survival signals to cancer cells. BS-RNase antitumor effects in nude mice were accompanied by caspase activation and apoptosis. Because of the high selectivity of apoptotic effects for malignant cells, BS- and HHP2-RNase are promising tools for the treatment of aggressive thyroid cancer.

Antineoplastic ribonucleases selectively kill thyroid carcinoma cells via caspase-mediated induction of apoptosis

ARCIELLO, ANGELA;GARBI, CORRADO;PICCOLI, RENATA;D'ALESSIO, GIUSEPPE;VECCHIO, GIANCARLO;LACCETTI, PAOLO;SANTORO, MASSIMO
2003

Abstract

Bovine seminal ribonuclease (BS-RNase), a natural dimeric homolog of bovine pancreatic RNase (RNase A), and HHP2-RNase, an engineered dimeric form of human pancreatic RNase (HP-RNase), are endowed with powerful antitumor effects. Here we show that BS- and HHP2-RNases, but not monomeric RNase A, induce apoptosis of human thyroid carcinoma cell lines. RNase-induced apoptosis was associated with activation of initiation caspase-8 and -9. This was followed by activation of executioner caspase-3, leading to the proteolytic cleavage of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase. The caspase inhibitor Z-Val-Ala-Asp-(OMe)-fluoromethylketone protected thyroid cancer cells from BS-RNase-induced apoptosis. RNase-triggered apoptosis and caspase activation were accompanied by reduced phosphorylation of Akt/protein kinase B (PKB), a serine-threonine kinase that when phosphorylated is able to deliver survival signals to cancer cells. BS-RNase antitumor effects in nude mice were accompanied by caspase activation and apoptosis. Because of the high selectivity of apoptotic effects for malignant cells, BS- and HHP2-RNase are promising tools for the treatment of aggressive thyroid cancer.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/167405
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