Mass spectrometry has been used to map chymosin from a fermentative source. The copresence of the two known genetic variants A (Asp244) and B (Gly244) was ascertained in bovine chymosin. By contrast, either the A or the B genetic variant occurred in the three commercial samples of recombinant calf chymosin (RCC). Specific biomarker proteins were searched to identify the enzyme source, in both bovine chymosin and RCC samples. Analyzing the derived tryptic peptides, evidence was provided that RCC and bovine chymosin are mainly formed by (1-323), (3-323), and (40p-323) (suffix “p” denotes residues in the pro-segment region of chymosin), whereas the minor components, (4-323), (5-323), and (6-323), were only detected in bovine chymosin. Additionally, the three commercial RCC samples contained the protein species (1-323), (38p-323), (39p-323), and (40p-323) and the shorter form (3-323). Differentiation of the natural and bioengineered enzyme is based upon the detection of these unique minor components by mass spectrometry.

Validation of recombinant and bovine chymosin by mass spectrometry.

ADDEO, FRANCESCO
2005

Abstract

Mass spectrometry has been used to map chymosin from a fermentative source. The copresence of the two known genetic variants A (Asp244) and B (Gly244) was ascertained in bovine chymosin. By contrast, either the A or the B genetic variant occurred in the three commercial samples of recombinant calf chymosin (RCC). Specific biomarker proteins were searched to identify the enzyme source, in both bovine chymosin and RCC samples. Analyzing the derived tryptic peptides, evidence was provided that RCC and bovine chymosin are mainly formed by (1-323), (3-323), and (40p-323) (suffix “p” denotes residues in the pro-segment region of chymosin), whereas the minor components, (4-323), (5-323), and (6-323), were only detected in bovine chymosin. Additionally, the three commercial RCC samples contained the protein species (1-323), (38p-323), (39p-323), and (40p-323) and the shorter form (3-323). Differentiation of the natural and bioengineered enzyme is based upon the detection of these unique minor components by mass spectrometry.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/102642
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