Background: Circulating immune cells play a pathogenic role in multiple sclerosis (MS). However, the role of specific lymphocyte subpopulations is not unveiled yet, especially in progressive stages. We aimed to investigate lymphocyte changes during siponimod treatment in active secondary progressive MS (aSPMS) and their associations with clinical outcomes. Methods: We enrolled 46 aSPMS patients starting on siponimod treatment with at least 6 months of follow-up and two visits within the scheduled timeframes and 14 sex- and age-matched healthy controls (HCs). Clinical and laboratory data were collected retrospectively at baseline, 3rd, 6th, 12th, and 24th month for MS patients, and at baseline for HCs. Results: At baseline SPMS patients presented with increased naïve regulatory T lymphocytes (p = 0.02) vs. HCs. Over time, SPMS patients showed decreased T CD4+ (coeff. range = -24/-17, 95% CI range = -31.60 to -10.40), B lymphocyte (coeff. range = -3.77/-2.54, 95% CI range = -6.02 to -0.35), memory regulatory B cells (coeff. range = -0.78/-0.57, 95% CI range = -1.24 to -0.17) and CD4/CD8 ratio (coeff. range = -4.44/-0.67, 95% CI range = -1.61 to -0.17) from month 3 thereafter vs. baseline, and reduced CD3+CD20+ lymphocytes from month 12 thereafter (coeff. range = -0.32/-0.24, 95% CI range = -0.59 to -0.03). Patients not experiencing disability progression while on siponimod treatment showed B lymphocyte reduction from month 3 (coeff. range = -4.23/-2.32, 95% CI range = -7.53 to -0.15) and CD3+CD20+ lymphocyte reduction from month 12 (coeff. range = -0.32/-0.24, 95% CI range = -0.59 to -0.03) vs. patients experiencing progression. Conclusions: Patients treated with siponimod showed a T and B lymphocyte reduction, especially CD4+, CD3+CD20+ and naïve regulatory T cells and memory regulatory B cells. Disability progression while on siponimod treatment was associated with a less pronounced effect on B and CD3+CD20+ lymphocytes.

Effect of siponimod on lymphocyte subsets in active secondary progressive multiple sclerosis and clinical implications / Spiezia, Antonio Luca; Scalia, Giulia; Petracca, Maria; Caliendo, Daniele; Moccia, Marcello; Fiore, Antonia; Cerbone, Vincenza; Lanzillo, Roberta; Brescia Morra, Vincenzo; Carotenuto, Antonio. - In: JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY. - ISSN 1432-1459. - (2024). [10.1007/s00415-024-12362-9]

Effect of siponimod on lymphocyte subsets in active secondary progressive multiple sclerosis and clinical implications

Spiezia, Antonio Luca;Scalia, Giulia;Petracca, Maria;Caliendo, Daniele;Moccia, Marcello;Fiore, Antonia;Cerbone, Vincenza;Lanzillo, Roberta;Brescia Morra, Vincenzo;Carotenuto, Antonio
2024

Abstract

Background: Circulating immune cells play a pathogenic role in multiple sclerosis (MS). However, the role of specific lymphocyte subpopulations is not unveiled yet, especially in progressive stages. We aimed to investigate lymphocyte changes during siponimod treatment in active secondary progressive MS (aSPMS) and their associations with clinical outcomes. Methods: We enrolled 46 aSPMS patients starting on siponimod treatment with at least 6 months of follow-up and two visits within the scheduled timeframes and 14 sex- and age-matched healthy controls (HCs). Clinical and laboratory data were collected retrospectively at baseline, 3rd, 6th, 12th, and 24th month for MS patients, and at baseline for HCs. Results: At baseline SPMS patients presented with increased naïve regulatory T lymphocytes (p = 0.02) vs. HCs. Over time, SPMS patients showed decreased T CD4+ (coeff. range = -24/-17, 95% CI range = -31.60 to -10.40), B lymphocyte (coeff. range = -3.77/-2.54, 95% CI range = -6.02 to -0.35), memory regulatory B cells (coeff. range = -0.78/-0.57, 95% CI range = -1.24 to -0.17) and CD4/CD8 ratio (coeff. range = -4.44/-0.67, 95% CI range = -1.61 to -0.17) from month 3 thereafter vs. baseline, and reduced CD3+CD20+ lymphocytes from month 12 thereafter (coeff. range = -0.32/-0.24, 95% CI range = -0.59 to -0.03). Patients not experiencing disability progression while on siponimod treatment showed B lymphocyte reduction from month 3 (coeff. range = -4.23/-2.32, 95% CI range = -7.53 to -0.15) and CD3+CD20+ lymphocyte reduction from month 12 (coeff. range = -0.32/-0.24, 95% CI range = -0.59 to -0.03) vs. patients experiencing progression. Conclusions: Patients treated with siponimod showed a T and B lymphocyte reduction, especially CD4+, CD3+CD20+ and naïve regulatory T cells and memory regulatory B cells. Disability progression while on siponimod treatment was associated with a less pronounced effect on B and CD3+CD20+ lymphocytes.
2024
Effect of siponimod on lymphocyte subsets in active secondary progressive multiple sclerosis and clinical implications / Spiezia, Antonio Luca; Scalia, Giulia; Petracca, Maria; Caliendo, Daniele; Moccia, Marcello; Fiore, Antonia; Cerbone, Vincenza; Lanzillo, Roberta; Brescia Morra, Vincenzo; Carotenuto, Antonio. - In: JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY. - ISSN 1432-1459. - (2024). [10.1007/s00415-024-12362-9]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/962010
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