: To investigate a broad array of costs and perceived financial burden (FB) faced by families of NICU graduates both during hospitalization and after discharge. Cross-sectional survey-based study design. A survey measuring socio-demographics, direct non-medical costs, indirect costs, social support and perceived FB was developed. One-hundred-twenty-two pairs of parents of NICU graduates participated in the study. Most of the families (87.7%) experienced FB due to NICU hospitalization. The median cost of visiting infant during NICU admission was 615 euros (range: 42,7320). FB correlated with cost for drugs (ρ = .271, p < .05, 95%CI:[.020, .490]), dietary supplement (ρ = .385, p < .05, CI:[.010, .665]), behavioral disorders (ρ =  -.186, p < .05, 95%CI:[-.356, -.003]), language delay (ρ = .243, p < .01, CI:[-.408, -.063]) and comorbidities (ρ =  -.206, p < .05, 95% CI:[-.374, -.024]). Transportation costs due to medical visits (ρ = .415, p < .01, 95% CI:[.239, .564]) and therapy sessions (ρ = .517, p < .05, CI:[.121, .771]) correlated with higher FB. Grandparents of the infant were the most frequent source of help (86.1%). Families having infants with adverse outcome experienced more hospitalizations after NICU discharge (p < .05) and higher FB (p < .01) than families with typically developing infant. Lack of government financial help was associated with higher perceived FB (CI:[1.117,29.127], p < .05).    Conclusions: Our findings demonstrated that parents of NICU graduates experience high rates of FB, highlighting their sources (e.g., grandparents support) and difficulties (e.g., private therapy costs) through the lens of patient perspective. Our study promotes reflection on policies which should be adopted from the European health services that are similar to the Italian one to support NICU graduate families and reduce inequalities.

The financial burden experienced by families during NICU hospitalization and after discharge: A single center, survey-based study / Lambiase, Carmine Vincenzo; Mansi, Giuseppina; Salomè, Serena; Conelli, Maria Laura; Vendemmia, Maria; Zurlo, Maria Clelia; Raimondi, Francesco; Capasso, Letizia. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS. - ISSN 0340-6199. - 183:2(2024), pp. 903-913. [10.1007/s00431-023-05352-y]

The financial burden experienced by families during NICU hospitalization and after discharge: A single center, survey-based study

Lambiase, Carmine Vincenzo
Primo
;
Mansi, Giuseppina
Secondo
;
Conelli, Maria Laura;Zurlo, Maria Clelia;Raimondi, Francesco
Penultimo
;
Capasso, Letizia
Ultimo
2024

Abstract

: To investigate a broad array of costs and perceived financial burden (FB) faced by families of NICU graduates both during hospitalization and after discharge. Cross-sectional survey-based study design. A survey measuring socio-demographics, direct non-medical costs, indirect costs, social support and perceived FB was developed. One-hundred-twenty-two pairs of parents of NICU graduates participated in the study. Most of the families (87.7%) experienced FB due to NICU hospitalization. The median cost of visiting infant during NICU admission was 615 euros (range: 42,7320). FB correlated with cost for drugs (ρ = .271, p < .05, 95%CI:[.020, .490]), dietary supplement (ρ = .385, p < .05, CI:[.010, .665]), behavioral disorders (ρ =  -.186, p < .05, 95%CI:[-.356, -.003]), language delay (ρ = .243, p < .01, CI:[-.408, -.063]) and comorbidities (ρ =  -.206, p < .05, 95% CI:[-.374, -.024]). Transportation costs due to medical visits (ρ = .415, p < .01, 95% CI:[.239, .564]) and therapy sessions (ρ = .517, p < .05, CI:[.121, .771]) correlated with higher FB. Grandparents of the infant were the most frequent source of help (86.1%). Families having infants with adverse outcome experienced more hospitalizations after NICU discharge (p < .05) and higher FB (p < .01) than families with typically developing infant. Lack of government financial help was associated with higher perceived FB (CI:[1.117,29.127], p < .05).    Conclusions: Our findings demonstrated that parents of NICU graduates experience high rates of FB, highlighting their sources (e.g., grandparents support) and difficulties (e.g., private therapy costs) through the lens of patient perspective. Our study promotes reflection on policies which should be adopted from the European health services that are similar to the Italian one to support NICU graduate families and reduce inequalities.
2024
The financial burden experienced by families during NICU hospitalization and after discharge: A single center, survey-based study / Lambiase, Carmine Vincenzo; Mansi, Giuseppina; Salomè, Serena; Conelli, Maria Laura; Vendemmia, Maria; Zurlo, Maria Clelia; Raimondi, Francesco; Capasso, Letizia. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS. - ISSN 0340-6199. - 183:2(2024), pp. 903-913. [10.1007/s00431-023-05352-y]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/959675
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