Background: Updated epidemiologic data are important for defining effective public health strategies for pediatric food allergy (FA). Objective: The Epidemiology of Paediatric Italian Food Allergy (EPIFA) study was designed to investigate the epidemiology of pediatric FA in one of the most heavily populated Italian regions. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed in collaboration with family pediatricians aimed at investigating the epidemiology of Italian pediatric FA during 2009 to 2021. Family pediatricians in the Campania region were invited to use the Google Forms platform for online compilation of data forms. Data forms were reviewed by experienced pediatric allergists at the coordinating center. Results: A total population of 105,151 subjects (aged 0-14 years) was screened during the study period. Data from 752 FA patients were evaluated. A progressive increase in FA incidence and prevalence was observed from 2009 to 2021, with a relative increase up to 34% and 113.6%, respectively, at the end of study period. The relative increase in FA prevalence was higher in the 0-3-year-old age group in the same study period (+120.8%). The most frequent allergens were cow's milk, hen's egg, and nuts. Conclusion: The results of the EPIFA study showed an increase in pediatric FA incidence and prevalence from 2009 to 2021 in Italy. These results underline the necessity of new effective strategies for preventing and managing these conditions.

Epidemiology of Paediatric Italian Food Allergy: Results of the EPIFA study / Nocerino, Rita; Carucci, Laura; Coppola, Serena; Cecere, Gaetano; Micillo, Maria; Castaldo, Tina; Russo, Stefania; Sandomenico, Marialuisa; Marino, Antonio; Gualano, Renato; Ercolini, Paola; Capasso, Antonella; Bedogni, Giorgio; Berni Canani, Roberto. - In: JOURNAL OF ALLERGY AND CLINICAL IMMUNOLOGY. GLOBAL. - ISSN 2772-8293. - 3:3(2024). [10.1016/j.jacig.2024.100246]

Epidemiology of Paediatric Italian Food Allergy: Results of the EPIFA study

Nocerino, Rita;Carucci, Laura;Coppola, Serena;Cecere, Gaetano;Micillo, Maria;Russo, Stefania;Marino, Antonio;Bedogni, Giorgio;Berni Canani, Roberto
2024

Abstract

Background: Updated epidemiologic data are important for defining effective public health strategies for pediatric food allergy (FA). Objective: The Epidemiology of Paediatric Italian Food Allergy (EPIFA) study was designed to investigate the epidemiology of pediatric FA in one of the most heavily populated Italian regions. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed in collaboration with family pediatricians aimed at investigating the epidemiology of Italian pediatric FA during 2009 to 2021. Family pediatricians in the Campania region were invited to use the Google Forms platform for online compilation of data forms. Data forms were reviewed by experienced pediatric allergists at the coordinating center. Results: A total population of 105,151 subjects (aged 0-14 years) was screened during the study period. Data from 752 FA patients were evaluated. A progressive increase in FA incidence and prevalence was observed from 2009 to 2021, with a relative increase up to 34% and 113.6%, respectively, at the end of study period. The relative increase in FA prevalence was higher in the 0-3-year-old age group in the same study period (+120.8%). The most frequent allergens were cow's milk, hen's egg, and nuts. Conclusion: The results of the EPIFA study showed an increase in pediatric FA incidence and prevalence from 2009 to 2021 in Italy. These results underline the necessity of new effective strategies for preventing and managing these conditions.
2024
Epidemiology of Paediatric Italian Food Allergy: Results of the EPIFA study / Nocerino, Rita; Carucci, Laura; Coppola, Serena; Cecere, Gaetano; Micillo, Maria; Castaldo, Tina; Russo, Stefania; Sandomenico, Marialuisa; Marino, Antonio; Gualano, Renato; Ercolini, Paola; Capasso, Antonella; Bedogni, Giorgio; Berni Canani, Roberto. - In: JOURNAL OF ALLERGY AND CLINICAL IMMUNOLOGY. GLOBAL. - ISSN 2772-8293. - 3:3(2024). [10.1016/j.jacig.2024.100246]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/958915
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