Purpose: Neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs) are a heterogeneous group of malignancies originating from cells with a neuroendocrine phenotype. The complex relationship between lipid metabolism and cancer is gaining interest and a potential anti-cancer effect of lipid lowering agents is being considered. This review aims to discuss the current understanding and treatment of dyslipidaemia in NENs, focusing on the role of lipid lowering agents, including new therapeutic approaches, and future perspectives as possible tool in cancer prevention and tumor-growth control. Methods: We performed an electronic-based search using PubMed updated until December 2023, summarizing the available evidence both in basic and clinical research about lipid lowering agents in NENs. Results: Dyslipidemia is an important aspect to be considered in NENs management, although randomized studies specifically addressing this topic are lacking, unlike other cancer types. Available data mainly regard statins, and in vitro studies have demonstrated direct antitumor effects, including antiproliferative effects in some cancers, supporting possible pleiotropic effects also in NENs, but data remain conflicting. Ezetimibe, omega 3-fatty acids, fibrates and inhibitors of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) may enhance the regulation of lipid homeostasis, as demonstrated in other cancers. Conclusions: Targeting dyslipidemia in NENs should be part of the multidisciplinary management and an integrated approach may be the best option for both metabolic and tumor control. Whether lipid lowering agents may directly contribute to tumor control remains to be confirmed with specific studies, focusing on association with other metabolic risk, disease stage and primary site.

Dyslipidemia, lipid-lowering agents and neuroendocrine neoplasms: new horizons / Modica, Roberta; La Salvia, Anna; Liccardi, Alessia; Cozzolino, Alessia; Di Sarno, Antonella; Russo, Flaminia; Colao, Annamaria; Faggiano, Antongiulio; Null, Null. - In: ENDOCRINE. - ISSN 1559-0100. - (2024). [10.1007/s12020-024-03767-7]

Dyslipidemia, lipid-lowering agents and neuroendocrine neoplasms: new horizons

Modica, Roberta
;
Liccardi, Alessia;Colao, Annamaria;Faggiano, Antongiulio;
2024

Abstract

Purpose: Neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs) are a heterogeneous group of malignancies originating from cells with a neuroendocrine phenotype. The complex relationship between lipid metabolism and cancer is gaining interest and a potential anti-cancer effect of lipid lowering agents is being considered. This review aims to discuss the current understanding and treatment of dyslipidaemia in NENs, focusing on the role of lipid lowering agents, including new therapeutic approaches, and future perspectives as possible tool in cancer prevention and tumor-growth control. Methods: We performed an electronic-based search using PubMed updated until December 2023, summarizing the available evidence both in basic and clinical research about lipid lowering agents in NENs. Results: Dyslipidemia is an important aspect to be considered in NENs management, although randomized studies specifically addressing this topic are lacking, unlike other cancer types. Available data mainly regard statins, and in vitro studies have demonstrated direct antitumor effects, including antiproliferative effects in some cancers, supporting possible pleiotropic effects also in NENs, but data remain conflicting. Ezetimibe, omega 3-fatty acids, fibrates and inhibitors of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) may enhance the regulation of lipid homeostasis, as demonstrated in other cancers. Conclusions: Targeting dyslipidemia in NENs should be part of the multidisciplinary management and an integrated approach may be the best option for both metabolic and tumor control. Whether lipid lowering agents may directly contribute to tumor control remains to be confirmed with specific studies, focusing on association with other metabolic risk, disease stage and primary site.
2024
Dyslipidemia, lipid-lowering agents and neuroendocrine neoplasms: new horizons / Modica, Roberta; La Salvia, Anna; Liccardi, Alessia; Cozzolino, Alessia; Di Sarno, Antonella; Russo, Flaminia; Colao, Annamaria; Faggiano, Antongiulio; Null, Null. - In: ENDOCRINE. - ISSN 1559-0100. - (2024). [10.1007/s12020-024-03767-7]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/957868
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