: Bluetongue is an arthropod-borne viral infection that is notifiable in several countries and causes significant economic losses and major concerns for ruminant trade. In this study, we investigated bluetongue 1seroprevalence in the Campania region, southern Italy, in cattle and buffalo populations, and assessed which factors were correlated with a high risk of exposure. The infection was widespread, as evidenced by the high individual (43.6%) and herd prevalence (85.4%). The highest prevalence was found in adult animals. Among the climatic factors analyzed, average temperature played a prominent role, being capable of affecting the probability of being positive for this infection. Surprisingly, exposure to Schmallenberg virus did not predispose animals to be positive for bluetongue virus, even though these infections share the same vector (Culicoides). Our data, consistent with those in the literature, suggest the transversal spread of bluetongue virus in the Mediterranean area, and indicate a limited co-exposure rate between Bluetongue and Schmallenberg viruses.

Bluetongue virus seroprevalence and risk factor analysis in cattle and water buffalo in southern Italy (Campania region) / Ferrara, Gianmarco; Improda, Elvira; Piscopo, Federica; Esposito, Riccardo; Iovane, Giuseppe; Pagnini, Ugo; Montagnaro, Serena. - In: VETERINARY RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS. - ISSN 1573-7446. - 48:1(2023), pp. 579-584. [10.1007/s11259-023-10215-w]

Bluetongue virus seroprevalence and risk factor analysis in cattle and water buffalo in southern Italy (Campania region)

Ferrara, Gianmarco
Primo
Conceptualization
;
Improda, Elvira;Piscopo, Federica;Esposito, Riccardo;Iovane, Giuseppe;Pagnini, Ugo;Montagnaro, Serena
Ultimo
Writing – Review & Editing
2023

Abstract

: Bluetongue is an arthropod-borne viral infection that is notifiable in several countries and causes significant economic losses and major concerns for ruminant trade. In this study, we investigated bluetongue 1seroprevalence in the Campania region, southern Italy, in cattle and buffalo populations, and assessed which factors were correlated with a high risk of exposure. The infection was widespread, as evidenced by the high individual (43.6%) and herd prevalence (85.4%). The highest prevalence was found in adult animals. Among the climatic factors analyzed, average temperature played a prominent role, being capable of affecting the probability of being positive for this infection. Surprisingly, exposure to Schmallenberg virus did not predispose animals to be positive for bluetongue virus, even though these infections share the same vector (Culicoides). Our data, consistent with those in the literature, suggest the transversal spread of bluetongue virus in the Mediterranean area, and indicate a limited co-exposure rate between Bluetongue and Schmallenberg viruses.
2023
Bluetongue virus seroprevalence and risk factor analysis in cattle and water buffalo in southern Italy (Campania region) / Ferrara, Gianmarco; Improda, Elvira; Piscopo, Federica; Esposito, Riccardo; Iovane, Giuseppe; Pagnini, Ugo; Montagnaro, Serena. - In: VETERINARY RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS. - ISSN 1573-7446. - 48:1(2023), pp. 579-584. [10.1007/s11259-023-10215-w]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/942772
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