: Copy Number Alterations (CNAs) represent the most common genetic alterations identified in ovarian cancer cells, being responsible for the extensive genomic instability observed in this cancer. Here we report the identification of CNAs in a cohort of Italian patients affected by ovarian cancer performed by SNP-based array. Our analysis allowed the identification of 201 significantly altered chromosomal bands (70 copy number gains; 131 copy number losses). The 3300 genes subjected to CNA identified here were compared to those present in the TCGA dataset. The analysis allowed the identification of 11 genes with increased CN and mRNA expression (PDCD10, EBAG9, NUDCD1, ENY2, CSNK2A1, TBC1D20, ZCCHC3, STARD3, C19orf12, POP4, UQCRFS1). PDCD10 was selected for further studies because of the highest frequency of CNA. PDCD10 was found, by immunostaining of three different Tissue Micro Arrays, to be over-expressed in the majority of ovarian primary cancer samples and in metastatic lesions. Moreover, significant correlations were found in specific subsets of patients, between increased PDCD10 expression and grade (p < 0.005), nodal involvement (p < 0.05) or advanced FIGO stage (p < 0.01). Finally, manipulation of PDCD10 expression by shRNA in ovarian cancer cells (OVCAR-5 and OVCA429) demonstrated a positive role for PDCD10 in the control of cell growth and motility in vitro and tumorigenicity in vivo. In conclusion, this study allowed the identification of novel genes subjected to copy number alterations in ovarian cancer. In particular, the results reported here point to a prominent role of PDCD10 as a bona fide oncogene.

Genome-wide analysis of copy number alterations led to the characterisation of PDCD10 as oncogene in ovarian cancer / De Marco, Carmela; Zoppoli, Pietro; Rinaldo, Nicola; Morganella, Sandro; Morello, Matteo; Zuccalà, Valeria; Carriero, Maria Vincenza; Malanga, Donatella; Chirillo, Roberta; Bruni, Paola; Malzoni, Carmine; Di Vizio, Dolores; Venturella, Roberta; Zullo, Fulvio; Rizzuto, Antonia; Ceccarelli, Michele; Ciliberto, Gennaro; Viglietto, Giuseppe. - In: TRANSLATIONAL ONCOLOGY. - ISSN 1936-5233. - 14:3(2021), p. 101013. [10.1016/j.tranon.2021.101013]

Genome-wide analysis of copy number alterations led to the characterisation of PDCD10 as oncogene in ovarian cancer

De Marco, Carmela;Zoppoli, Pietro;Di Vizio, Dolores;Zullo, Fulvio;Rizzuto, Antonia;Ceccarelli, Michele;
2021

Abstract

: Copy Number Alterations (CNAs) represent the most common genetic alterations identified in ovarian cancer cells, being responsible for the extensive genomic instability observed in this cancer. Here we report the identification of CNAs in a cohort of Italian patients affected by ovarian cancer performed by SNP-based array. Our analysis allowed the identification of 201 significantly altered chromosomal bands (70 copy number gains; 131 copy number losses). The 3300 genes subjected to CNA identified here were compared to those present in the TCGA dataset. The analysis allowed the identification of 11 genes with increased CN and mRNA expression (PDCD10, EBAG9, NUDCD1, ENY2, CSNK2A1, TBC1D20, ZCCHC3, STARD3, C19orf12, POP4, UQCRFS1). PDCD10 was selected for further studies because of the highest frequency of CNA. PDCD10 was found, by immunostaining of three different Tissue Micro Arrays, to be over-expressed in the majority of ovarian primary cancer samples and in metastatic lesions. Moreover, significant correlations were found in specific subsets of patients, between increased PDCD10 expression and grade (p < 0.005), nodal involvement (p < 0.05) or advanced FIGO stage (p < 0.01). Finally, manipulation of PDCD10 expression by shRNA in ovarian cancer cells (OVCAR-5 and OVCA429) demonstrated a positive role for PDCD10 in the control of cell growth and motility in vitro and tumorigenicity in vivo. In conclusion, this study allowed the identification of novel genes subjected to copy number alterations in ovarian cancer. In particular, the results reported here point to a prominent role of PDCD10 as a bona fide oncogene.
2021
Genome-wide analysis of copy number alterations led to the characterisation of PDCD10 as oncogene in ovarian cancer / De Marco, Carmela; Zoppoli, Pietro; Rinaldo, Nicola; Morganella, Sandro; Morello, Matteo; Zuccalà, Valeria; Carriero, Maria Vincenza; Malanga, Donatella; Chirillo, Roberta; Bruni, Paola; Malzoni, Carmine; Di Vizio, Dolores; Venturella, Roberta; Zullo, Fulvio; Rizzuto, Antonia; Ceccarelli, Michele; Ciliberto, Gennaro; Viglietto, Giuseppe. - In: TRANSLATIONAL ONCOLOGY. - ISSN 1936-5233. - 14:3(2021), p. 101013. [10.1016/j.tranon.2021.101013]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/939024
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