Cardiac regeneration is a critical endeavor in the treatment of heart diseases, aimed at repairing and enhancing the structure and function of damaged myocardium. This review offers a comprehensive overview of current advancements and strategies in cardiac regeneration, with a specific focus on regenerative medicine and tissue engineering-based approaches. Stem cell-based therapies, which involve the utilization of adult stem cells and pluripotent stem cells hold immense potential for replenishing lost cardiomyocytes and facilitating cardiac tissue repair and regeneration. Tissue engineering also plays a prominent role employing synthetic or natural biomaterials, engineering cardiac patches and grafts with suitable properties, and fabricating upscale bioreactors to create functional constructs for cardiac recovery. These constructs can be transplanted into the heart to provide mechanical support and facilitate tissue healing. Additionally, the production of organoids and chips that accurately replicate the structure and function of the whole organ is an area of extensive research. Despite significant progress, several challenges persist in the field of cardiac regeneration. These include enhancing cell survival and engraftment, achieving proper vascularization, and ensuring the long-term functionality of engineered constructs. Overcoming these obstacles and offering effective therapies to restore cardiac function could improve the quality of life for individuals with heart diseases.

The Long and Winding Road to Cardiac Regeneration / Sacco, A. M.; Castaldo, C.; Di Meglio, F.; Nurzynska, D.; Palermi, S.; Spera, R.; Gnasso, R.; Zinno, G.; Romano, V.; Belviso, I.. - In: APPLIED SCIENCES. - ISSN 2076-3417. - 13:16(2023), p. 9432. [10.3390/app13169432]

The Long and Winding Road to Cardiac Regeneration

Sacco A. M.;Castaldo C.;Di Meglio F.;Nurzynska D.;Palermi S.;Spera R.;Gnasso R.;Zinno G.;Romano V.;Belviso I.
2023

Abstract

Cardiac regeneration is a critical endeavor in the treatment of heart diseases, aimed at repairing and enhancing the structure and function of damaged myocardium. This review offers a comprehensive overview of current advancements and strategies in cardiac regeneration, with a specific focus on regenerative medicine and tissue engineering-based approaches. Stem cell-based therapies, which involve the utilization of adult stem cells and pluripotent stem cells hold immense potential for replenishing lost cardiomyocytes and facilitating cardiac tissue repair and regeneration. Tissue engineering also plays a prominent role employing synthetic or natural biomaterials, engineering cardiac patches and grafts with suitable properties, and fabricating upscale bioreactors to create functional constructs for cardiac recovery. These constructs can be transplanted into the heart to provide mechanical support and facilitate tissue healing. Additionally, the production of organoids and chips that accurately replicate the structure and function of the whole organ is an area of extensive research. Despite significant progress, several challenges persist in the field of cardiac regeneration. These include enhancing cell survival and engraftment, achieving proper vascularization, and ensuring the long-term functionality of engineered constructs. Overcoming these obstacles and offering effective therapies to restore cardiac function could improve the quality of life for individuals with heart diseases.
2023
The Long and Winding Road to Cardiac Regeneration / Sacco, A. M.; Castaldo, C.; Di Meglio, F.; Nurzynska, D.; Palermi, S.; Spera, R.; Gnasso, R.; Zinno, G.; Romano, V.; Belviso, I.. - In: APPLIED SCIENCES. - ISSN 2076-3417. - 13:16(2023), p. 9432. [10.3390/app13169432]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/938986
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