: Canine mammary tumours (CMTs) are the most common cancer in intact female dogs. In addition to surgery, additional targeted and non-targeted therapies may offer survival benefits to these patients. Therefore, exploring new treatments for CMT is a promising area in veterinary oncology. CMT cells have an altered lipid metabolism and use the oxidation of fatty acids for their energy needs. Here we investigated the tumoricidal effects of teglicar, a reversible inhibitor of carnitine palmitoyl transferase 1A (CPT1A), the rate-limiting enzyme for fatty acid import into mitochondria, on two CMT cells, P114 and CMT-U229. Viability and apoptosis were examined in CMT cells using the crystal violet assay, trypan blue assay, and flow cytometry analysis. The expression of mediators of apoptosis signalling (e.g., caspase-9, caspase-8, and caspase-3) was assessed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blot analyses. Teglicar was able to decrease cell viability and induce apoptosis in P114 and CMT-U229 cells. At the molecular level, the effect of teglicar was associated with an upregulation of the mRNA expression levels of caspase-9, caspase-8, and caspase-3 and an increase in their protein levels. In summary, our results show that teglicar has a potential effect against CMTs through the induction of apoptotic cell death, making it a promising therapeutic agent against CMTs.

The Carnitine Palmitoyltransferase 1A Inhibitor Teglicar Shows Promising Antitumour Activity against Canine Mammary Cancer Cells by Inducing Apoptosis / Cacciola, Nunzio Antonio; Sepe, Fabrizia; Fioriniello, Salvatore; Petillo, Orsolina; Margarucci, Sabrina; Scivicco, Marcello; Peluso, Gianfranco; Balestrieri, Anna; Bifulco, Giovanna; Restucci, Brunella; Severino, Lorella. - In: PHARMACEUTICALS. - ISSN 1424-8247. - 16:7(2023), p. 987. [10.3390/ph16070987]

The Carnitine Palmitoyltransferase 1A Inhibitor Teglicar Shows Promising Antitumour Activity against Canine Mammary Cancer Cells by Inducing Apoptosis

Cacciola, Nunzio Antonio
Primo
;
Sepe, Fabrizia;Fioriniello, Salvatore;Scivicco, Marcello;Peluso, Gianfranco;Balestrieri, Anna;Bifulco, Giovanna;Restucci, Brunella
;
Severino, Lorella
Ultimo
2023

Abstract

: Canine mammary tumours (CMTs) are the most common cancer in intact female dogs. In addition to surgery, additional targeted and non-targeted therapies may offer survival benefits to these patients. Therefore, exploring new treatments for CMT is a promising area in veterinary oncology. CMT cells have an altered lipid metabolism and use the oxidation of fatty acids for their energy needs. Here we investigated the tumoricidal effects of teglicar, a reversible inhibitor of carnitine palmitoyl transferase 1A (CPT1A), the rate-limiting enzyme for fatty acid import into mitochondria, on two CMT cells, P114 and CMT-U229. Viability and apoptosis were examined in CMT cells using the crystal violet assay, trypan blue assay, and flow cytometry analysis. The expression of mediators of apoptosis signalling (e.g., caspase-9, caspase-8, and caspase-3) was assessed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blot analyses. Teglicar was able to decrease cell viability and induce apoptosis in P114 and CMT-U229 cells. At the molecular level, the effect of teglicar was associated with an upregulation of the mRNA expression levels of caspase-9, caspase-8, and caspase-3 and an increase in their protein levels. In summary, our results show that teglicar has a potential effect against CMTs through the induction of apoptotic cell death, making it a promising therapeutic agent against CMTs.
2023
The Carnitine Palmitoyltransferase 1A Inhibitor Teglicar Shows Promising Antitumour Activity against Canine Mammary Cancer Cells by Inducing Apoptosis / Cacciola, Nunzio Antonio; Sepe, Fabrizia; Fioriniello, Salvatore; Petillo, Orsolina; Margarucci, Sabrina; Scivicco, Marcello; Peluso, Gianfranco; Balestrieri, Anna; Bifulco, Giovanna; Restucci, Brunella; Severino, Lorella. - In: PHARMACEUTICALS. - ISSN 1424-8247. - 16:7(2023), p. 987. [10.3390/ph16070987]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/938574
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