: Aortic stenosis (AS) can often coexist with other valvular diseases or be combined with aortic regurgitation (AR), leading to unique pathophysiological conditions. The combination of affected valves can vary widely, resulting in a lack of standardized diagnostic or therapeutic approaches. Echocardiography is crucial in assessing patients with valvular heart disease (VHD), but careful consideration of the hemodynamic interactions between combined valvular defects is necessary. This is important as it may affect the reliability of commonly used echocardiographic parameters, making the diagnosis challenging. Therefore, a multimodality imaging approach, including computed tomography or cardiac magnetic resonance, is often not just beneficial but crucial. It represents the future of diagnostics in this intricate field due to its unprecedented capacity to quantify and comprehend valvular pathology. The absence of definitive data and guidelines for the therapeutic management of AS in the context of multiple valve lesions makes this condition particularly challenging. As a result, an individualized, case-by-case approach is necessary, guided primarily by the recommendations for the predominant valve lesion. This review aims to summarize the pathophysiology of AS in the context of multiple and mixed valve disease, with a focus on the hemodynamic implications, diagnostic challenges, and therapeutic options.

Beyond Aortic Stenosis: Addressing the Challenges of Multivalvular Disease Assessment / Bombace, Sara; Meucci, Maria Chiara; Fortuni, Federico; Ilardi, Federica; Manzo, Rachele; Canciello, Grazia; Esposito, Giovanni; Grayburn, Paul A; Losi, Maria Angela; Sannino, Anna. - In: DIAGNOSTICS. - ISSN 2075-4418. - 13:12(2023), p. 2102. [10.3390/diagnostics13122102]

Beyond Aortic Stenosis: Addressing the Challenges of Multivalvular Disease Assessment

Bombace, Sara;Ilardi, Federica;Manzo, Rachele;Canciello, Grazia;Esposito, Giovanni;Losi, Maria Angela;Sannino, Anna
2023

Abstract

: Aortic stenosis (AS) can often coexist with other valvular diseases or be combined with aortic regurgitation (AR), leading to unique pathophysiological conditions. The combination of affected valves can vary widely, resulting in a lack of standardized diagnostic or therapeutic approaches. Echocardiography is crucial in assessing patients with valvular heart disease (VHD), but careful consideration of the hemodynamic interactions between combined valvular defects is necessary. This is important as it may affect the reliability of commonly used echocardiographic parameters, making the diagnosis challenging. Therefore, a multimodality imaging approach, including computed tomography or cardiac magnetic resonance, is often not just beneficial but crucial. It represents the future of diagnostics in this intricate field due to its unprecedented capacity to quantify and comprehend valvular pathology. The absence of definitive data and guidelines for the therapeutic management of AS in the context of multiple valve lesions makes this condition particularly challenging. As a result, an individualized, case-by-case approach is necessary, guided primarily by the recommendations for the predominant valve lesion. This review aims to summarize the pathophysiology of AS in the context of multiple and mixed valve disease, with a focus on the hemodynamic implications, diagnostic challenges, and therapeutic options.
2023
Beyond Aortic Stenosis: Addressing the Challenges of Multivalvular Disease Assessment / Bombace, Sara; Meucci, Maria Chiara; Fortuni, Federico; Ilardi, Federica; Manzo, Rachele; Canciello, Grazia; Esposito, Giovanni; Grayburn, Paul A; Losi, Maria Angela; Sannino, Anna. - In: DIAGNOSTICS. - ISSN 2075-4418. - 13:12(2023), p. 2102. [10.3390/diagnostics13122102]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/936274
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