Redox-active nano-biointerfaces are gaining weight in the field of regenerative medicine since they can act as enzymes in regulating physiological processes and enabling cell homeostasis, as well as the defense against pathogen aggression. In particular, cerium oxide nanoparticles (CeO2 NPs) stand as intriguing enzyme-mimicking nanoplatforms, owing to the reversible Ce+3/Ce+4 surface oxidation state. Moreover, surface functionalization leads to higher catalytic activity and selectivity, as well as more tunable enzyme-mimicking performances. Conjugation with melanin is an adequate strategy to boost and enrich CeO2 NPs biological features, because of melanin redox properties accounting for intrinsic antioxidant, antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory power. Herein, hybrid Melanin/CeO2 nanostructures were designed by simply coating the metal-oxide nanoparticles with melanin chains, obtained in-situ through ligand-to-metal charge transfer mechanism, according to a bioinspired approach. Obtained hybrid nanostructures underwent detailed physico-chemical characterization. Morphological and textural features were investigated through TEM, XRD and N2 physisorption. The nature of nanoparticle-melanin interaction was analyzed through FTIR, UV–vis and EPR spectroscopy. Melanin-coated hybrid nanostructures exhibited a relevant antioxidant activity, confirmed by a powerful quenching effect for DPPH radical, reaching 81 % inhibition at 33 μg/mL. A promising anti-inflammatory efficacy of the melanin-coated hybrid nanostructures was validated through a significant inhibition of BSA denaturation after 3 h. Meanwhile, the enzyme-mimicking activity was corroborated by a prolonged peroxidase activity after 8 h at 100 μg/mL and a relevant catalase-like action, by halving the H2O2 level in 30 min at 50 μg/mL. Antimicrobial assays attested that conjugation with melanin dramatically boosted CeO2 biocide activity against both Gram (−) and Gram (+) strains. Cytocompatibility tests demonstrated that the melanin coating not only enhanced the CeO2 nanostructures biomimicry, resulting in improved cell viability for human dermal fibroblast cells (HDFs), but mostly they proved that Melanin-CeO2 NPs were able to control the oxidative stress, modulating the production of nitrite and reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels in HDFs, under physiological conditions. Such remarkable outcomes make hybrid melanin-CeO2 nanozymes, promising redox-active interfaces for regenerative medicine.

Towards nanostructured red-ox active bio-interfaces: Bioinspired antibacterial hybrid melanin-CeO2 nanoparticles for radical homeostasis / Pota, G.; Silvestri, B.; Vitiello, G.; Gallucci, N.; Di Girolamo, R.; Scialla, S.; Raucci, M. G.; Ambrosio, L.; Di Napoli, M.; Zanfardino, A.; Varcamonti, M.; Pezzella, A.; Luciani, G.. - In: BIOMATERIALS ADVANCES. - ISSN 2772-9508. - 153:(2023), p. 213558. [10.1016/j.bioadv.2023.213558]

Towards nanostructured red-ox active bio-interfaces: Bioinspired antibacterial hybrid melanin-CeO2 nanoparticles for radical homeostasis

Pota G.;Silvestri B.;Vitiello G.;Gallucci N.;Di Girolamo R.;Scialla S.;Di Napoli M.;Zanfardino A.;Varcamonti M.;Pezzella A.;Luciani G.
2023

Abstract

Redox-active nano-biointerfaces are gaining weight in the field of regenerative medicine since they can act as enzymes in regulating physiological processes and enabling cell homeostasis, as well as the defense against pathogen aggression. In particular, cerium oxide nanoparticles (CeO2 NPs) stand as intriguing enzyme-mimicking nanoplatforms, owing to the reversible Ce+3/Ce+4 surface oxidation state. Moreover, surface functionalization leads to higher catalytic activity and selectivity, as well as more tunable enzyme-mimicking performances. Conjugation with melanin is an adequate strategy to boost and enrich CeO2 NPs biological features, because of melanin redox properties accounting for intrinsic antioxidant, antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory power. Herein, hybrid Melanin/CeO2 nanostructures were designed by simply coating the metal-oxide nanoparticles with melanin chains, obtained in-situ through ligand-to-metal charge transfer mechanism, according to a bioinspired approach. Obtained hybrid nanostructures underwent detailed physico-chemical characterization. Morphological and textural features were investigated through TEM, XRD and N2 physisorption. The nature of nanoparticle-melanin interaction was analyzed through FTIR, UV–vis and EPR spectroscopy. Melanin-coated hybrid nanostructures exhibited a relevant antioxidant activity, confirmed by a powerful quenching effect for DPPH radical, reaching 81 % inhibition at 33 μg/mL. A promising anti-inflammatory efficacy of the melanin-coated hybrid nanostructures was validated through a significant inhibition of BSA denaturation after 3 h. Meanwhile, the enzyme-mimicking activity was corroborated by a prolonged peroxidase activity after 8 h at 100 μg/mL and a relevant catalase-like action, by halving the H2O2 level in 30 min at 50 μg/mL. Antimicrobial assays attested that conjugation with melanin dramatically boosted CeO2 biocide activity against both Gram (−) and Gram (+) strains. Cytocompatibility tests demonstrated that the melanin coating not only enhanced the CeO2 nanostructures biomimicry, resulting in improved cell viability for human dermal fibroblast cells (HDFs), but mostly they proved that Melanin-CeO2 NPs were able to control the oxidative stress, modulating the production of nitrite and reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels in HDFs, under physiological conditions. Such remarkable outcomes make hybrid melanin-CeO2 nanozymes, promising redox-active interfaces for regenerative medicine.
2023
Towards nanostructured red-ox active bio-interfaces: Bioinspired antibacterial hybrid melanin-CeO2 nanoparticles for radical homeostasis / Pota, G.; Silvestri, B.; Vitiello, G.; Gallucci, N.; Di Girolamo, R.; Scialla, S.; Raucci, M. G.; Ambrosio, L.; Di Napoli, M.; Zanfardino, A.; Varcamonti, M.; Pezzella, A.; Luciani, G.. - In: BIOMATERIALS ADVANCES. - ISSN 2772-9508. - 153:(2023), p. 213558. [10.1016/j.bioadv.2023.213558]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/933223
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