The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of neoplasms in captive wild felids in Southern Italy zoos over a 13-year period (2008-2021) and to investigate macroscopic and histologic tumor findings in these animals. A total of 24 cases were necropsied, 9 males and 15 females, with age ranging from 6 to 19 years, including 12 tigers (Panthera tigris), 7 leopards (Panthera pardus), 4 lions (Panthera leo), and 1 black jaguar (Panthera onca). Diagnosis of neoplasm was made in 14/24 cases (58.3%). Tumors diagnosed were two cholangiocarcinomas, two hemangiosarcomas of the liver, two uterine leiomyomas, a renal adenocarcinoma, an adrenal gland adenoma, a thyroid carcinoma, an oral squamous cell carcinoma, an osteoma, a meningioma, a mesothelioma, an esophageal leiomyosarcoma, a muscoloskeletal leiomyosarcoma and a thyroid adenoma. The malignant and benign tumors were 62.5 and 37.5%, respectively. Among malignant tumors, no metastasis was observed in 50% of cases; in 10% of cases metastasis involved only regional lymph nodes; and distant metastases were found in 40% of cases. Based on our findings, the liver was the most frequent primary tumor site (25%). The high rates of malignant and widely metastatic neoplasms suggest the importance of active monitoring and management of neoplasia in these threatened and endangered species.

An Overview of Neoplasia in Captive Wild Felids in Southern Italy Zoos / D'Aquino, Ilaria; Piegari, Giuseppe; Casciaro, Silvia Mariagiovanna; Prisco, Francesco; Rosato, Guido; Silvestre, Pasquale; Degli Uberti, Barbara; Capasso, Michele; Laricchiuta, Piero; Paciello, Orlando; Russo, Valeria. - In: FRONTIERS IN VETERINARY SCIENCE. - ISSN 2297-1769. - 9:(2022), pp. 1-10. [10.3389/fvets.2022.899481]

An Overview of Neoplasia in Captive Wild Felids in Southern Italy Zoos

d'Aquino, Ilaria
Primo
;
Piegari, Giuseppe
Secondo
;
Casciaro, Silvia Mariagiovanna;Prisco, Francesco;Rosato, Guido;Paciello, Orlando
Penultimo
;
Russo, Valeria
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of neoplasms in captive wild felids in Southern Italy zoos over a 13-year period (2008-2021) and to investigate macroscopic and histologic tumor findings in these animals. A total of 24 cases were necropsied, 9 males and 15 females, with age ranging from 6 to 19 years, including 12 tigers (Panthera tigris), 7 leopards (Panthera pardus), 4 lions (Panthera leo), and 1 black jaguar (Panthera onca). Diagnosis of neoplasm was made in 14/24 cases (58.3%). Tumors diagnosed were two cholangiocarcinomas, two hemangiosarcomas of the liver, two uterine leiomyomas, a renal adenocarcinoma, an adrenal gland adenoma, a thyroid carcinoma, an oral squamous cell carcinoma, an osteoma, a meningioma, a mesothelioma, an esophageal leiomyosarcoma, a muscoloskeletal leiomyosarcoma and a thyroid adenoma. The malignant and benign tumors were 62.5 and 37.5%, respectively. Among malignant tumors, no metastasis was observed in 50% of cases; in 10% of cases metastasis involved only regional lymph nodes; and distant metastases were found in 40% of cases. Based on our findings, the liver was the most frequent primary tumor site (25%). The high rates of malignant and widely metastatic neoplasms suggest the importance of active monitoring and management of neoplasia in these threatened and endangered species.
2022
An Overview of Neoplasia in Captive Wild Felids in Southern Italy Zoos / D'Aquino, Ilaria; Piegari, Giuseppe; Casciaro, Silvia Mariagiovanna; Prisco, Francesco; Rosato, Guido; Silvestre, Pasquale; Degli Uberti, Barbara; Capasso, Michele; Laricchiuta, Piero; Paciello, Orlando; Russo, Valeria. - In: FRONTIERS IN VETERINARY SCIENCE. - ISSN 2297-1769. - 9:(2022), pp. 1-10. [10.3389/fvets.2022.899481]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/928164
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