The majority of organic P (Porg) in soil is considered to be part of soil organic matter (SOM) associations, but its chemical nature is largely ‘unresolved’. In this study, we investigated the Porg composition in different SOM fractions of a Gleysol soil using the Humeomics sequential chemical fractionation (SCF) procedure combined with nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. In summary, SCF procedure with subsequent NaOH-EDTA extraction of the soil residue extracted a total of 1769 mg P/kgsoil compared to 1682 mg P/kgsoil of a single-step NaOH-EDTA extraction. Approximately 38 % of the extracted Porg was present in the form of the unresolved Porg pool, which was represented by one or two underlying broad signals in the phosphomonoester region of solution 31P NMR spectra. The SCF revealed that phosphomonoesters were recovered in each fraction: 47 % of the unresolved phosphomonoesters were associated with the SOM fraction released by breaking ester bonds (40 %) and ether bonds (7 %), whereas about 30 % of this unresolved Porg pool appeared in the SOM fraction closely associated with the soil mineral phase. Furthermore, the extractability of inositol phosphates (IP) was increased from 312 mg P/kgsoil to 534 mg P/kgsoil (factor 1.7) using the SCF procedure compared to a single-step NaOH-EDTA extraction. Previous studies have reported the presence of IP in molecular size fractions greater than 10 kDa. Our findings on the removal of IP with the fractionation of the SOM could explain the presence of IP in these large associations. We demonstrate that major pools of Porg are closely associated with SOM structures, comprising a diverse array of chemical species and bonding types. These results forward our understanding of Porg stabilisation, P transformation, and P cycling in terrestrial ecosystems towards an association point of view.

Phosphorus species in sequentially extracted soil organic matter fractions / Reusser, J. E.; Piccolo, A.; Vinci, G.; Savarese, C.; Cangemi, S.; Cozzolino, V.; Verel, R.; Frossard, E.; Mclaren, T. I.. - In: GEODERMA. - ISSN 0016-7061. - 429:(2023), p. 116227. [10.1016/j.geoderma.2022.116227]

Phosphorus species in sequentially extracted soil organic matter fractions

Piccolo A.;Vinci G.;Savarese C.;Cangemi S.;Cozzolino V.;
2023

Abstract

The majority of organic P (Porg) in soil is considered to be part of soil organic matter (SOM) associations, but its chemical nature is largely ‘unresolved’. In this study, we investigated the Porg composition in different SOM fractions of a Gleysol soil using the Humeomics sequential chemical fractionation (SCF) procedure combined with nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. In summary, SCF procedure with subsequent NaOH-EDTA extraction of the soil residue extracted a total of 1769 mg P/kgsoil compared to 1682 mg P/kgsoil of a single-step NaOH-EDTA extraction. Approximately 38 % of the extracted Porg was present in the form of the unresolved Porg pool, which was represented by one or two underlying broad signals in the phosphomonoester region of solution 31P NMR spectra. The SCF revealed that phosphomonoesters were recovered in each fraction: 47 % of the unresolved phosphomonoesters were associated with the SOM fraction released by breaking ester bonds (40 %) and ether bonds (7 %), whereas about 30 % of this unresolved Porg pool appeared in the SOM fraction closely associated with the soil mineral phase. Furthermore, the extractability of inositol phosphates (IP) was increased from 312 mg P/kgsoil to 534 mg P/kgsoil (factor 1.7) using the SCF procedure compared to a single-step NaOH-EDTA extraction. Previous studies have reported the presence of IP in molecular size fractions greater than 10 kDa. Our findings on the removal of IP with the fractionation of the SOM could explain the presence of IP in these large associations. We demonstrate that major pools of Porg are closely associated with SOM structures, comprising a diverse array of chemical species and bonding types. These results forward our understanding of Porg stabilisation, P transformation, and P cycling in terrestrial ecosystems towards an association point of view.
2023
Phosphorus species in sequentially extracted soil organic matter fractions / Reusser, J. E.; Piccolo, A.; Vinci, G.; Savarese, C.; Cangemi, S.; Cozzolino, V.; Verel, R.; Frossard, E.; Mclaren, T. I.. - In: GEODERMA. - ISSN 0016-7061. - 429:(2023), p. 116227. [10.1016/j.geoderma.2022.116227]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/922444
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