: Diagnoses of primary malignant mesenchymal brain tumors are a challenge for pathologists. Here, we report the case of a 52-year-old man with a primary brain tumor, histologically diagnosed as a high-grade glioma, not otherwise specified (NOS). The patient underwent two neurosurgeries in several months, followed by radiotherapy and chemotherapy. We re-examined the tumor samples by methylome profiling. Methylome analysis revealed an epi-signature typical of a primary intracranial sarcoma, DICER1-mutant, an extremely rare tumor. The diagnosis was confirmed by DNA sequencing that revealed a mutation in DICER1 exon 25. DICER1 mutations were not found in the patient's blood cells, thus excluding an inherited DICER1 syndrome. The methylome profile of the DICER1 mutant sarcoma was then compared with that of a high-grade glioma, a morphologically similar tumor type. We found that several relevant regions were differentially methylated. Taken together, we report the morphological, epigenetic, and genetic characterization of the sixth described case of an adult primary intracranial sarcoma, DICER1-mutant to-date. Furthermore, this case report underscores the importance of methylome analysis to refine primary brain tumor diagnosis and to avoid misdiagnosis among morphologically similar subtypes.

A Rare Adult Primary Intracranial Sarcoma, DICER1-Mutant Identified by Epigenomic Profiling: A Case Report [*Marinelli A., Cuomo M. co-primi autori] / Marinelli, A.; Cuomo, M.; Franca, R. A.; Buonaiuto, M.; Costabile, D.; Pagano, C.; Trio, F.; Montella, L.; Del Basso De Caro, M. L.; Visconti, R.; Chiariotti, L.; Della Monica, R.. - In: BRAIN SCIENCES. - ISSN 2076-3425. - 13:2(2023), p. 235. [10.3390/brainsci13020235]

A Rare Adult Primary Intracranial Sarcoma, DICER1-Mutant Identified by Epigenomic Profiling: A Case Report [*Marinelli A., Cuomo M. co-primi autori]

Cuomo M.
Co-primo
;
Franca R. A.;Buonaiuto M.;Costabile D.;Pagano C.;Del Basso De Caro M. L.;Visconti R.;Chiariotti L.;Della Monica R.
2023

Abstract

: Diagnoses of primary malignant mesenchymal brain tumors are a challenge for pathologists. Here, we report the case of a 52-year-old man with a primary brain tumor, histologically diagnosed as a high-grade glioma, not otherwise specified (NOS). The patient underwent two neurosurgeries in several months, followed by radiotherapy and chemotherapy. We re-examined the tumor samples by methylome profiling. Methylome analysis revealed an epi-signature typical of a primary intracranial sarcoma, DICER1-mutant, an extremely rare tumor. The diagnosis was confirmed by DNA sequencing that revealed a mutation in DICER1 exon 25. DICER1 mutations were not found in the patient's blood cells, thus excluding an inherited DICER1 syndrome. The methylome profile of the DICER1 mutant sarcoma was then compared with that of a high-grade glioma, a morphologically similar tumor type. We found that several relevant regions were differentially methylated. Taken together, we report the morphological, epigenetic, and genetic characterization of the sixth described case of an adult primary intracranial sarcoma, DICER1-mutant to-date. Furthermore, this case report underscores the importance of methylome analysis to refine primary brain tumor diagnosis and to avoid misdiagnosis among morphologically similar subtypes.
2023
A Rare Adult Primary Intracranial Sarcoma, DICER1-Mutant Identified by Epigenomic Profiling: A Case Report [*Marinelli A., Cuomo M. co-primi autori] / Marinelli, A.; Cuomo, M.; Franca, R. A.; Buonaiuto, M.; Costabile, D.; Pagano, C.; Trio, F.; Montella, L.; Del Basso De Caro, M. L.; Visconti, R.; Chiariotti, L.; Della Monica, R.. - In: BRAIN SCIENCES. - ISSN 2076-3425. - 13:2(2023), p. 235. [10.3390/brainsci13020235]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/918773
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