Invasive fungal infections (IFIs) represent a severe complication of COVID-19, yet they are under-estimated. We conducted a retrospective analysis including all the COVID-19 patients admitted to the Infectious Diseases Unit of the Federico II University Hospital of Naples until the 1 July 2021. Among 409 patients, we reported seven cases of IFIs by Candida spp., seven of Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia, three of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis, and one of Trichosporon asahii. None of the cases presented underlying predisposing conditions, excluding one oncohematological patient treated with rituximab. Ten cases showed lymphopenia with high rates of CD4+ < 200/µL. All cases received high-dose steroid therapy (mean duration 33 days, mean cumulative dosage 1015 mg of prednisone equivalent), and seven cases had severe COVID-19 disease (OSCI ≥ 5) prior to IFI diagnosis. The cases showed a higher overall duration of hospitalization (63 vs 24 days) and higher mortality rate (23% vs. 7%) compared with the COVID-19 patients who did not developed IFIs. Cases showed a higher prevalence of high-dose steroid therapy and lymphopenia with CD4+ < 200/µL, primarily due to SARS-CoV-2 infection and not related to underlying comorbidities. IFIs strongly impact the overall length of hospitalization and mortality. Therefore, clinicians should maintain a high degree of suspicion of IFIs, especially in severe COVID-19 patients.

Invasive Fungal Infections in Hospitalized Patients with COVID-19: A Non-Intensive Care Single-Centre Experience during the First Pandemic Waves / Cattaneo, L.; Buonomo, A. R.; Iacovazzo, C.; Giaccone, A.; Scotto, R.; Viceconte, G.; Mercinelli, S.; Vargas, M.; Roscetto, E.; Cacciatore, F.; Salvatore, P.; Catania, M. R.; Villari, R.; Cittadini, A.; Gentile, I.. - In: JOURNAL OF FUNGI. - ISSN 2309-608X. - 9:1(2023), p. 86. [10.3390/jof9010086]

Invasive Fungal Infections in Hospitalized Patients with COVID-19: A Non-Intensive Care Single-Centre Experience during the First Pandemic Waves

Cattaneo L.
Co-primo
;
Buonomo A. R.
Co-primo
;
Iacovazzo C.;Giaccone A.;Scotto R.;Viceconte G.;Mercinelli S.;Vargas M.;Roscetto E.;Cacciatore F.;Salvatore P.;Catania M. R.;Villari R.;Cittadini A.;Gentile I.
Ultimo
2023

Abstract

Invasive fungal infections (IFIs) represent a severe complication of COVID-19, yet they are under-estimated. We conducted a retrospective analysis including all the COVID-19 patients admitted to the Infectious Diseases Unit of the Federico II University Hospital of Naples until the 1 July 2021. Among 409 patients, we reported seven cases of IFIs by Candida spp., seven of Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia, three of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis, and one of Trichosporon asahii. None of the cases presented underlying predisposing conditions, excluding one oncohematological patient treated with rituximab. Ten cases showed lymphopenia with high rates of CD4+ < 200/µL. All cases received high-dose steroid therapy (mean duration 33 days, mean cumulative dosage 1015 mg of prednisone equivalent), and seven cases had severe COVID-19 disease (OSCI ≥ 5) prior to IFI diagnosis. The cases showed a higher overall duration of hospitalization (63 vs 24 days) and higher mortality rate (23% vs. 7%) compared with the COVID-19 patients who did not developed IFIs. Cases showed a higher prevalence of high-dose steroid therapy and lymphopenia with CD4+ < 200/µL, primarily due to SARS-CoV-2 infection and not related to underlying comorbidities. IFIs strongly impact the overall length of hospitalization and mortality. Therefore, clinicians should maintain a high degree of suspicion of IFIs, especially in severe COVID-19 patients.
2023
Invasive Fungal Infections in Hospitalized Patients with COVID-19: A Non-Intensive Care Single-Centre Experience during the First Pandemic Waves / Cattaneo, L.; Buonomo, A. R.; Iacovazzo, C.; Giaccone, A.; Scotto, R.; Viceconte, G.; Mercinelli, S.; Vargas, M.; Roscetto, E.; Cacciatore, F.; Salvatore, P.; Catania, M. R.; Villari, R.; Cittadini, A.; Gentile, I.. - In: JOURNAL OF FUNGI. - ISSN 2309-608X. - 9:1(2023), p. 86. [10.3390/jof9010086]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/913956
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