: The epidemic spread of obesity is nowadays recognized as a global health and economic burden, arising great interest in the scientific community. The rate of adult obesity steadily increases concomitantly with the cancer incidence. As has been comprehensively reported, obesity is included among the multiple cancer risk factors and can progressively cause and/or exacerbate certain cancer types, as colorectal and breast cancers. The term adiponcosis was forged precisely to emphasize the interconnection between obesity and cancer onset and progression. The underlying mechanisms of adiponcosis have not been fully elucidated yet, may vary on cancer type, and depend on body fat distribution. It has been proposed that insulin resistance and related chronic hyperinsulinemia, increased insulin-like growth factors production, chronic inflammation or increased bioavailability of steroid hormones could be responsible of cancer hallmarks. Additionally, it has been suggested that adipose tissue-derived hormones, cytokines and adipokines, such as leptin, adiponectin and inflammatory markers, may reflect mechanisms linked to tumorigenesis. This review summarizes the current evidence on pathways, hormones, cytokines and low-chronic inflammation subtending adiponconsis, focusing on breast and colorectal cancers. In addition, we analyzed the lifestyle interventions that could attenuate the driving forces of obesity-related cancer incidence and progression. Moreover, current targets and drugs, their pros and cons, as well as new mechanisms and targets with promising therapeutic potential in cancer are discussed. Depicting this complex interconnection will provide insights for establishing new therapeutic approaches to halt the obesity impacts and thwart cancer onset and progression.

Advances in "adiponcosis": Insights in the inner mechanisms at the base of adipose and tumour tissues interplay / Pagano, Cristina; di Zazzo, Erika; Avilia, Giorgio; Savarese, Beatrice; Navarra, Giovanna; Proto, Maria Chiara; Fiore, Donatella; Rienzo, Monica; Gazzerro, Patrizia; Laezza, Chiara; Bifulco, Maurizio. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CANCER. - ISSN 1097-0215. - (2022). [10.1002/ijc.34355]

Advances in "adiponcosis": Insights in the inner mechanisms at the base of adipose and tumour tissues interplay

Pagano, Cristina;Navarra, Giovanna;Fiore, Donatella;Rienzo, Monica;Gazzerro, Patrizia;Laezza, Chiara;Bifulco, Maurizio
2022

Abstract

: The epidemic spread of obesity is nowadays recognized as a global health and economic burden, arising great interest in the scientific community. The rate of adult obesity steadily increases concomitantly with the cancer incidence. As has been comprehensively reported, obesity is included among the multiple cancer risk factors and can progressively cause and/or exacerbate certain cancer types, as colorectal and breast cancers. The term adiponcosis was forged precisely to emphasize the interconnection between obesity and cancer onset and progression. The underlying mechanisms of adiponcosis have not been fully elucidated yet, may vary on cancer type, and depend on body fat distribution. It has been proposed that insulin resistance and related chronic hyperinsulinemia, increased insulin-like growth factors production, chronic inflammation or increased bioavailability of steroid hormones could be responsible of cancer hallmarks. Additionally, it has been suggested that adipose tissue-derived hormones, cytokines and adipokines, such as leptin, adiponectin and inflammatory markers, may reflect mechanisms linked to tumorigenesis. This review summarizes the current evidence on pathways, hormones, cytokines and low-chronic inflammation subtending adiponconsis, focusing on breast and colorectal cancers. In addition, we analyzed the lifestyle interventions that could attenuate the driving forces of obesity-related cancer incidence and progression. Moreover, current targets and drugs, their pros and cons, as well as new mechanisms and targets with promising therapeutic potential in cancer are discussed. Depicting this complex interconnection will provide insights for establishing new therapeutic approaches to halt the obesity impacts and thwart cancer onset and progression.
2022
Advances in "adiponcosis": Insights in the inner mechanisms at the base of adipose and tumour tissues interplay / Pagano, Cristina; di Zazzo, Erika; Avilia, Giorgio; Savarese, Beatrice; Navarra, Giovanna; Proto, Maria Chiara; Fiore, Donatella; Rienzo, Monica; Gazzerro, Patrizia; Laezza, Chiara; Bifulco, Maurizio. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CANCER. - ISSN 1097-0215. - (2022). [10.1002/ijc.34355]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/913673
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