: Gene expression, lipidomic and growth impairment findings suggest that the natural history of celiac disease (CD) starts before the gluten-induced immune response. Gluten intake in the first years of life is a controversial risk factor. We aimed to estimate the risk of developing CD associated with the amount of gluten intake and the serum inflammatory profile in genetically predisposed infants. From an Italian cohort of children at risk for CD, we enrolled 27 children who developed CD (cases) and 56 controls matched by sex and age. A dietary interview at 9, 12, 18, 24 and 36 months was performed. Serum cytokines (INFγ, IL1β, IL2, IL4, IL6, IL10 IL12p70, IL17, and TNFα) were analysed at 4 and 36 months. Infants who developed CD by 6 years showed an increase in serum cytokines (INFγ, IL1β, IL2, IL6, IL10, IL12p70 and TNFα) at 4 months of age before gluten introduction. CD cases ate significantly more gluten in the second year of life than controls, and gluten intake in the second year of life was strongly correlated with serum cytokines (INFγ, IL2, IL4, IL12p70, IL17) at 36 months only in CD cases. The dietary pattern of infants who developed CD was characterized by high consumption of biscuits and fruit juices and low intake of milk products, legumes, vegetables and fruits. Genetically predisposed infants who developed CD showed a unique serum cytokine profile at 4 months before gluten consumption. The amount of gluten was strongly correlated with an inflammatory profile in serum cytokines at 36 months only in infants who developed CD.

Gluten consumption and inflammation affect the development of celiac disease in at-risk children / Auricchio, Renata; Calabrese, Ilaria; Galatola, Martina; Cielo, Donatella; Carbone, Fortunata; Mancuso, Marianna; Matarese, Giuseppe; Troncone, Riccardo; Auricchio, Salvatore; Greco, Luigi. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 12:1(2022), p. 5396. [10.1038/s41598-022-09232-7]

Gluten consumption and inflammation affect the development of celiac disease in at-risk children

Auricchio, Renata;Calabrese, Ilaria;Galatola, Martina;Cielo, Donatella;Carbone, Fortunata;Mancuso, Marianna;Matarese, Giuseppe;Troncone, Riccardo;Auricchio, Salvatore;
2022

Abstract

: Gene expression, lipidomic and growth impairment findings suggest that the natural history of celiac disease (CD) starts before the gluten-induced immune response. Gluten intake in the first years of life is a controversial risk factor. We aimed to estimate the risk of developing CD associated with the amount of gluten intake and the serum inflammatory profile in genetically predisposed infants. From an Italian cohort of children at risk for CD, we enrolled 27 children who developed CD (cases) and 56 controls matched by sex and age. A dietary interview at 9, 12, 18, 24 and 36 months was performed. Serum cytokines (INFγ, IL1β, IL2, IL4, IL6, IL10 IL12p70, IL17, and TNFα) were analysed at 4 and 36 months. Infants who developed CD by 6 years showed an increase in serum cytokines (INFγ, IL1β, IL2, IL6, IL10, IL12p70 and TNFα) at 4 months of age before gluten introduction. CD cases ate significantly more gluten in the second year of life than controls, and gluten intake in the second year of life was strongly correlated with serum cytokines (INFγ, IL2, IL4, IL12p70, IL17) at 36 months only in CD cases. The dietary pattern of infants who developed CD was characterized by high consumption of biscuits and fruit juices and low intake of milk products, legumes, vegetables and fruits. Genetically predisposed infants who developed CD showed a unique serum cytokine profile at 4 months before gluten consumption. The amount of gluten was strongly correlated with an inflammatory profile in serum cytokines at 36 months only in infants who developed CD.
2022
Gluten consumption and inflammation affect the development of celiac disease in at-risk children / Auricchio, Renata; Calabrese, Ilaria; Galatola, Martina; Cielo, Donatella; Carbone, Fortunata; Mancuso, Marianna; Matarese, Giuseppe; Troncone, Riccardo; Auricchio, Salvatore; Greco, Luigi. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 12:1(2022), p. 5396. [10.1038/s41598-022-09232-7]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/913607
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