: Contamination of microalgae cultures can reduce their productivity and affect the quality of biomass and valuable bioproducts. In this article, after having isolated and identified for the first time the filamentous fungus Penicillium citrinum from heterotrophic cultures of the red polyextremophilic microalga Galdieria sulphuraria, we investigated the biological and metabolic significance of this alga-fungus association. In the same medium, both organisms grow better in each other's presence than separately. Both cell density and cell size of G. sulphuraria increase in co-cultures compared to pure alga cultures. In co-cultures, despite very severe growth conditions, the load of P. citrinum increases compared to pure fungus cultures. Optical microscope images have shown physical contact between cells of P. citrinum hyphae and G. sulphuraria which, however, retain their morphology and cell wall intact. GC-MS-based metabolomics analysis of metabolites excreted in the culture medium shows that pure cultures of the fungus and alga and co-cultures of alga plus fungus can be easily differentiated based on their metabolic products. Indeed, a richer assortment of extracellular metabolites (comprising both products of primary and secondary metabolism) is a distinct feature of co-cultures compared to both pure alga and pure fungus cultures.

Biological and metabolic effects of the association between the microalga Galdieria sulphuraria and the fungus Penicillium citrinum / Salvatore, Maria Michela; Carraturo, Federica; Salbitani, Giovanna; Rosati, Luigi; De Risi, Arianna; Andolfi, Anna; Salvatore, Francesco; Guida, Marco; Carfagna, Simona. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 13:1(2023), p. 1789. [10.1038/s41598-023-27827-6]

Biological and metabolic effects of the association between the microalga Galdieria sulphuraria and the fungus Penicillium citrinum

Salvatore, Maria Michela
Primo
;
Carraturo, Federica
;
Salbitani, Giovanna
;
Rosati, Luigi;De Risi, Arianna;Andolfi, Anna;Salvatore, Francesco;Guida, Marco;Carfagna, Simona
Ultimo
2023

Abstract

: Contamination of microalgae cultures can reduce their productivity and affect the quality of biomass and valuable bioproducts. In this article, after having isolated and identified for the first time the filamentous fungus Penicillium citrinum from heterotrophic cultures of the red polyextremophilic microalga Galdieria sulphuraria, we investigated the biological and metabolic significance of this alga-fungus association. In the same medium, both organisms grow better in each other's presence than separately. Both cell density and cell size of G. sulphuraria increase in co-cultures compared to pure alga cultures. In co-cultures, despite very severe growth conditions, the load of P. citrinum increases compared to pure fungus cultures. Optical microscope images have shown physical contact between cells of P. citrinum hyphae and G. sulphuraria which, however, retain their morphology and cell wall intact. GC-MS-based metabolomics analysis of metabolites excreted in the culture medium shows that pure cultures of the fungus and alga and co-cultures of alga plus fungus can be easily differentiated based on their metabolic products. Indeed, a richer assortment of extracellular metabolites (comprising both products of primary and secondary metabolism) is a distinct feature of co-cultures compared to both pure alga and pure fungus cultures.
2023
Biological and metabolic effects of the association between the microalga Galdieria sulphuraria and the fungus Penicillium citrinum / Salvatore, Maria Michela; Carraturo, Federica; Salbitani, Giovanna; Rosati, Luigi; De Risi, Arianna; Andolfi, Anna; Salvatore, Francesco; Guida, Marco; Carfagna, Simona. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 13:1(2023), p. 1789. [10.1038/s41598-023-27827-6]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/911918
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