Magnetoresistive (MR) biosensors combine distinctive features such as small size, low cost, good sensitivity, and propensity to be arrayed to perform multiplexed analysis. Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) are the ideal target for this platform, especially if modified not only to overcome their intrinsic tendency to aggregate and lack of stability but also to realize an interacting surface suitable for biofunctionalization without strongly losing their magnetic response. Here, we describe an MR biosensor in which commercial MNP clusters were coated with gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) and used to detect human IgG in water using an MR biochip that comprises six sensing regions, each one containing five U-shaped spin valve sensors. The isolated AuNPs (satellites) were stuck onto an aggregate of individual iron oxide crystals (core) so that the resulting core@satellite magnetic particles (CSMPs) could be functionalized by the photochemical immobilization technique an easy procedure that leads to oriented antibodies immobilized upright onto gold. The morphological, optical, hydrodynamic, magnetic, and surface charge properties of CSMPs were compared with those exhibited by the commercial MNP clusters showing that the proposed coating procedure endows the MNP clusters with stability and ductility without being detrimental to magnetic properties. Eventually, the high-performance MR biosensor allowed us to detect human IgG in water with a detection limit of 13 pM (2 ng mL-1). Given its portability, the biosensor described in this paper lends itself to a point-of-care device; moreover, the features of the MR biochip also make it suitable for multiplexed analysis.

Multifunctional Core@Satellite Magnetic Particles for Magnetoresistive Biosensors / Campanile, R.; Acunzo, A.; Scardapane, E.; Minopoli, A.; Martins, V. C.; Di Girolamo, R.; Cardoso, S.; Velotta, R.; Della Ventura, B.; Iannotti, V.. - In: ACS OMEGA. - ISSN 2470-1343. - 7:41(2022), pp. 36543-36550. [10.1021/acsomega.2c04442]

Multifunctional Core@Satellite Magnetic Particles for Magnetoresistive Biosensors

Campanile R.;Acunzo A.;Scardapane E.;Di Girolamo R.;Velotta R.;Della Ventura B.;Iannotti V.
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Magnetoresistive (MR) biosensors combine distinctive features such as small size, low cost, good sensitivity, and propensity to be arrayed to perform multiplexed analysis. Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) are the ideal target for this platform, especially if modified not only to overcome their intrinsic tendency to aggregate and lack of stability but also to realize an interacting surface suitable for biofunctionalization without strongly losing their magnetic response. Here, we describe an MR biosensor in which commercial MNP clusters were coated with gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) and used to detect human IgG in water using an MR biochip that comprises six sensing regions, each one containing five U-shaped spin valve sensors. The isolated AuNPs (satellites) were stuck onto an aggregate of individual iron oxide crystals (core) so that the resulting core@satellite magnetic particles (CSMPs) could be functionalized by the photochemical immobilization technique an easy procedure that leads to oriented antibodies immobilized upright onto gold. The morphological, optical, hydrodynamic, magnetic, and surface charge properties of CSMPs were compared with those exhibited by the commercial MNP clusters showing that the proposed coating procedure endows the MNP clusters with stability and ductility without being detrimental to magnetic properties. Eventually, the high-performance MR biosensor allowed us to detect human IgG in water with a detection limit of 13 pM (2 ng mL-1). Given its portability, the biosensor described in this paper lends itself to a point-of-care device; moreover, the features of the MR biochip also make it suitable for multiplexed analysis.
2022
Multifunctional Core@Satellite Magnetic Particles for Magnetoresistive Biosensors / Campanile, R.; Acunzo, A.; Scardapane, E.; Minopoli, A.; Martins, V. C.; Di Girolamo, R.; Cardoso, S.; Velotta, R.; Della Ventura, B.; Iannotti, V.. - In: ACS OMEGA. - ISSN 2470-1343. - 7:41(2022), pp. 36543-36550. [10.1021/acsomega.2c04442]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/910278
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