: The phase behaviour of 4-[trans-4-(trans-4-propylcyclohexyl)cyclohexyl]benzonitrile, C22H31N, 1, has been examined. This compound has two different solid phases, denoted I and II, and exhibits thermotropic liquid-crystalline behaviour, with a remarkable interval of stability of the mesophase between the lower melting solid phase (75 °C) and the isotropization temperature (247 °C). The crystal and molecular structures of solid phase I have been determined at 173 K. The cyclohexyl rings both adopt the chair conformation and are equatorially substituted. The packing of 1 in the crystalline state is driven by the antiparallel arrangement of cyano dipoles with the formation of close contacts involving the strong cyano acceptor and weak aromatic C-H or aliphatic C-H donors. The crystal packing is discussed and compared with X-ray diffraction data in the liquid-crystalline state. The combination of thermal analysis, optical polarizing microscopy and X-ray diffraction analysis suggests that the mesophase is a partially ordered smectic phase. The lamellar structure of the mesophase is retained in crystalline solid phase II obtained by cooling the liquid-crystalline phase.

Crystal and mesophase structure of a bicyclohexyl cyano mesogen

Borbone, Fabio;Centore, Roberto
2022

Abstract

: The phase behaviour of 4-[trans-4-(trans-4-propylcyclohexyl)cyclohexyl]benzonitrile, C22H31N, 1, has been examined. This compound has two different solid phases, denoted I and II, and exhibits thermotropic liquid-crystalline behaviour, with a remarkable interval of stability of the mesophase between the lower melting solid phase (75 °C) and the isotropization temperature (247 °C). The crystal and molecular structures of solid phase I have been determined at 173 K. The cyclohexyl rings both adopt the chair conformation and are equatorially substituted. The packing of 1 in the crystalline state is driven by the antiparallel arrangement of cyano dipoles with the formation of close contacts involving the strong cyano acceptor and weak aromatic C-H or aliphatic C-H donors. The crystal packing is discussed and compared with X-ray diffraction data in the liquid-crystalline state. The combination of thermal analysis, optical polarizing microscopy and X-ray diffraction analysis suggests that the mesophase is a partially ordered smectic phase. The lamellar structure of the mesophase is retained in crystalline solid phase II obtained by cooling the liquid-crystalline phase.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/908015
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