: A new environmental problem is represented by the huge transformation of plastic waste released into the environment into small fragments, the so called micro- and nano-plastics, due to atmospheric phenomena. The smaller the size of the plastic fragments, the more their spreading into environmental compartments. The aim of this study is to test encapsulation into asphalt mastics of waste plastic material (WPM) as sustainable strategy to obtain road flexible pavements and to evaluate the potential release in water of micro and nano plastics. A new mastic mixing method was developed to blend the WPM with the bitumen contained into a bitumen emulsion (BE60/40) by adopting low mixing temperatures. Three different WPM contents, equal to 5, 10 and 20% by the weight of the bitumen contained in the BE60/40, were adopted to produce the mastics; the mastics' rheological properties, obtained by frequency sweep and multiple stress creep and recovery tests, were compared to those of a traditional asphalt mastic containing limestone filler. The aging of asphalt mastics was analyzed by soaking them in water and gradually lowering and raising temperature between -10 and 60 °C at predefined intervals. The addition of WPM improved greatly the asphalt mastic performance; in particular, for a WPM content of 10%, the rheological response in terms of stiffness remained unchanged after the mastic underwent thermal excursions in water. Encapsulation of micro and nano plastics into mastics reduced of more than 99% their potential water release.

Exploring the effect on the environment of encapsulated micro- and nano-plastics into asphalt mastics for road pavement / Veropalumbo, Rosa; Oreto, Cristina; Viscione, Nunzio; Pirozzi, Francesco; Pontoni, Ludovico; Trancone, Gennaro; Race, Marco; Russo, Francesca. - In: ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH. - ISSN 1096-0953. - 216:Pt 1(2023), p. 114466. [10.1016/j.envres.2022.114466]

Exploring the effect on the environment of encapsulated micro- and nano-plastics into asphalt mastics for road pavement

Veropalumbo, Rosa;Oreto, Cristina;Viscione, Nunzio;Pirozzi, Francesco;Pontoni, Ludovico;Race, Marco
;
Russo, Francesca
2023

Abstract

: A new environmental problem is represented by the huge transformation of plastic waste released into the environment into small fragments, the so called micro- and nano-plastics, due to atmospheric phenomena. The smaller the size of the plastic fragments, the more their spreading into environmental compartments. The aim of this study is to test encapsulation into asphalt mastics of waste plastic material (WPM) as sustainable strategy to obtain road flexible pavements and to evaluate the potential release in water of micro and nano plastics. A new mastic mixing method was developed to blend the WPM with the bitumen contained into a bitumen emulsion (BE60/40) by adopting low mixing temperatures. Three different WPM contents, equal to 5, 10 and 20% by the weight of the bitumen contained in the BE60/40, were adopted to produce the mastics; the mastics' rheological properties, obtained by frequency sweep and multiple stress creep and recovery tests, were compared to those of a traditional asphalt mastic containing limestone filler. The aging of asphalt mastics was analyzed by soaking them in water and gradually lowering and raising temperature between -10 and 60 °C at predefined intervals. The addition of WPM improved greatly the asphalt mastic performance; in particular, for a WPM content of 10%, the rheological response in terms of stiffness remained unchanged after the mastic underwent thermal excursions in water. Encapsulation of micro and nano plastics into mastics reduced of more than 99% their potential water release.
2023
Exploring the effect on the environment of encapsulated micro- and nano-plastics into asphalt mastics for road pavement / Veropalumbo, Rosa; Oreto, Cristina; Viscione, Nunzio; Pirozzi, Francesco; Pontoni, Ludovico; Trancone, Gennaro; Race, Marco; Russo, Francesca. - In: ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH. - ISSN 1096-0953. - 216:Pt 1(2023), p. 114466. [10.1016/j.envres.2022.114466]
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/907917
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 7
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 5
social impact