Purpose: Psoriasis, a common systemic inflammatory disorder, presents with gender-related differences in the quality of life (QoL) and treatment outcomes. This post hoc analysis from the Phase 3b SUPREME study explored gender-related differences in patient characteristics and efficacy of secukinumab 300 mg on Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) 75/90/100 and impact on QoL using the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) in patients with moderate to severe psoriasis through week 24. Patients and methods: The proportion of patients achieving PASI 75/90/100 was computed using a nonresponder imputation approach. Differences between cohorts were analyzed using a logistic regression model. The mean change from baseline in DLQI was computed using the Wilcoxon test. Results: Among the 433 patients (males: 71.6%), females had a higher DLQI than males at baseline (13.1 vs 9.5; P<0.0001). Males had a slightly higher response for PASI 90 than females at week 16 (80.7% vs 78.1%; P=0.0779) and 24 (83.2% vs 79.7%; P=0.0319). No differences were observed between genders in PASI 100/75 responses at week 24. Both genders showed an improvement in DLQI with secukinumab at week 24 (-10.9 vs -8.1, respectively, in females vs males; P=0.0004). Conclusion: In summary, secukinumab was effective in the treatment of psoriasis, irrespective of gender.

Efficacy of Secukinumab in Psoriasis: Post Hoc Gender-Wise Analysis of the SUPREME Study

Balato, Anna;Megna, Matteo;
2023

Abstract

Purpose: Psoriasis, a common systemic inflammatory disorder, presents with gender-related differences in the quality of life (QoL) and treatment outcomes. This post hoc analysis from the Phase 3b SUPREME study explored gender-related differences in patient characteristics and efficacy of secukinumab 300 mg on Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) 75/90/100 and impact on QoL using the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) in patients with moderate to severe psoriasis through week 24. Patients and methods: The proportion of patients achieving PASI 75/90/100 was computed using a nonresponder imputation approach. Differences between cohorts were analyzed using a logistic regression model. The mean change from baseline in DLQI was computed using the Wilcoxon test. Results: Among the 433 patients (males: 71.6%), females had a higher DLQI than males at baseline (13.1 vs 9.5; P<0.0001). Males had a slightly higher response for PASI 90 than females at week 16 (80.7% vs 78.1%; P=0.0779) and 24 (83.2% vs 79.7%; P=0.0319). No differences were observed between genders in PASI 100/75 responses at week 24. Both genders showed an improvement in DLQI with secukinumab at week 24 (-10.9 vs -8.1, respectively, in females vs males; P=0.0004). Conclusion: In summary, secukinumab was effective in the treatment of psoriasis, irrespective of gender.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/906608
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