Background: The incidence of breast cancer metastasis has decreased over the years. However, 20–30% of patients with early breast cancer still die from metastases. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the performance of a Deep Learning Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN) model to predict the risk of distant metastasis using 3T-MRI DCE sequences (Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced). Methods: A total of 157 breast cancer patients who underwent staging 3T-MRI examinations from January 2011 to July 2022 were retrospectively examined. Patient data, tumor histological and MRI characteristics, and clinical and imaging follow-up examinations of up to 7 years were collected. Of the 157 MRI examinations, 39/157 patients (40 lesions) had distant metastases, while 118/157 patients (120 lesions) were negative for distant metastases (control group). We analyzed the role of the Deep Learning technique using a single variable size bounding box (SVB) option and employed a Voxel Based (VB) NET CNN model. The CNN performance was evaluated in terms of accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, and area under the ROC curve (AUC). Results: The VB-NET model obtained a sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and AUC of 52.50%, 80.51%, 73.42%, and 68.56%, respectively. A significant correlation was found between the risk of distant metastasis and tumor size, and the expression of PgR and HER2. Conclusions: We demonstrated a currently insufficient ability of the Deep Learning approach in predicting a distant metastasis status in patients with BC using CNNs.

3T-MRI Artificial Intelligence in Patients with Invasive Breast Cancer to Predict Distant Metastasis Status: A Pilot Study

Gravina, Michela;Iannello, Giulio;Sansone, Carlo;
2023

Abstract

Background: The incidence of breast cancer metastasis has decreased over the years. However, 20–30% of patients with early breast cancer still die from metastases. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the performance of a Deep Learning Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN) model to predict the risk of distant metastasis using 3T-MRI DCE sequences (Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced). Methods: A total of 157 breast cancer patients who underwent staging 3T-MRI examinations from January 2011 to July 2022 were retrospectively examined. Patient data, tumor histological and MRI characteristics, and clinical and imaging follow-up examinations of up to 7 years were collected. Of the 157 MRI examinations, 39/157 patients (40 lesions) had distant metastases, while 118/157 patients (120 lesions) were negative for distant metastases (control group). We analyzed the role of the Deep Learning technique using a single variable size bounding box (SVB) option and employed a Voxel Based (VB) NET CNN model. The CNN performance was evaluated in terms of accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, and area under the ROC curve (AUC). Results: The VB-NET model obtained a sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and AUC of 52.50%, 80.51%, 73.42%, and 68.56%, respectively. A significant correlation was found between the risk of distant metastasis and tumor size, and the expression of PgR and HER2. Conclusions: We demonstrated a currently insufficient ability of the Deep Learning approach in predicting a distant metastasis status in patients with BC using CNNs.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/904820
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