The immunomodulatory effects of Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling (SOCS) proteins, that control the JAK/STAT pathway, indicate them as attractive candidates for immunotherapies. Recombinant SOCS3 protein suppresses the effects of inflammation, and its deletion in neurons or in immune cells increases pathological blood vessels growth. Recently, on the basis of the structure of the ternary complex among SOCS3, JAK2, and gp130, we focused on SOCS3 interfacing regions and designed several interfering peptides (IPs) that were able to mimic SOCS3 biological role in triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) models. Herein, to explore other protein regions involved in JAK2 recognition, several new chimeric peptides connecting noncontiguous SOCS3 regions and including a strongly aromatic fragment were investigated. Their ability to recognize the catalytic domain of JAK2 was evaluated through MST (microscale thermophoresis), and the most promising compound, named KIRCONG chim, exhibited a low micromolar value for dissociation constant. The conformational features of chimeric peptides were analyzed through circular dichroism and NMR spectroscopies, and their anti-inflammatory effects were assessed in cell cultures. Overall data suggest the importance of aromatic contribution in the recognition of JAK2 and that SOCS3 peptidomimetics could be endowed with a therapeutic potential in diseases with activated inflammatory cytokines.

Chimeric Peptidomimetics of SOCS 3 Able to Interact with JAK2 as Anti-inflammatory Compounds

La Manna S.;Mercurio F. A.;Marasco D.
2020

Abstract

The immunomodulatory effects of Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling (SOCS) proteins, that control the JAK/STAT pathway, indicate them as attractive candidates for immunotherapies. Recombinant SOCS3 protein suppresses the effects of inflammation, and its deletion in neurons or in immune cells increases pathological blood vessels growth. Recently, on the basis of the structure of the ternary complex among SOCS3, JAK2, and gp130, we focused on SOCS3 interfacing regions and designed several interfering peptides (IPs) that were able to mimic SOCS3 biological role in triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) models. Herein, to explore other protein regions involved in JAK2 recognition, several new chimeric peptides connecting noncontiguous SOCS3 regions and including a strongly aromatic fragment were investigated. Their ability to recognize the catalytic domain of JAK2 was evaluated through MST (microscale thermophoresis), and the most promising compound, named KIRCONG chim, exhibited a low micromolar value for dissociation constant. The conformational features of chimeric peptides were analyzed through circular dichroism and NMR spectroscopies, and their anti-inflammatory effects were assessed in cell cultures. Overall data suggest the importance of aromatic contribution in the recognition of JAK2 and that SOCS3 peptidomimetics could be endowed with a therapeutic potential in diseases with activated inflammatory cytokines.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/902283
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