Major associations of medical oncologists remark that novel anticancer treatments should guarantee improvement of survival outcomes as well as of patients' quality of life (QoL). Herein, we investigated QoL assessment and reporting in phase III randomized controlled trials (RCTs) testing new drugs in metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), published between 2010 and 2021. We selected 172 RCTs for further analysis. Only 2/172 (1.2%) trial included QoL among primary study endpoints. Of note, 40/172 (23.3%) trials did not include QoL assessment among endpoints. The majority of RCTs (102/172, 59.3%) did not report QoL results in primary publications. Particularly, RCTs testing immunotherapy, target therapy and chemotherapy did not disclose QoL data in primary publications in 97.0%, 51.5% and 46.5% of cases, respectively. Next, we found that only 43/95 (45.3%) positive studies reported QoL results in primary articles. Of the 102 trials missing QoL data in primary manuscripts, only 21 (20.6%) disclosed QoL results in a secondary publication. Finally, we found a common fail in adherence to CONSORT-PROs items in publications reporting QoL results. In summary, our study reveals a relevant inadequate assessment and under-reporting of QoL in RCTs of novel systemic treatments for patients with metastatic NSCLC.

Health-related quality of life is underestimated and underreported in phase III clinical trials in NSCLC

Salomone, Fabio;Di Costanzo, Fabrizio;Pecoraro, Giovanna;Viggiano, Angela;Napolitano, Fabiana;Santaniello, Antonio;Formisano, Luigi;Bianco, Roberto;Servetto, Alberto
2022

Abstract

Major associations of medical oncologists remark that novel anticancer treatments should guarantee improvement of survival outcomes as well as of patients' quality of life (QoL). Herein, we investigated QoL assessment and reporting in phase III randomized controlled trials (RCTs) testing new drugs in metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), published between 2010 and 2021. We selected 172 RCTs for further analysis. Only 2/172 (1.2%) trial included QoL among primary study endpoints. Of note, 40/172 (23.3%) trials did not include QoL assessment among endpoints. The majority of RCTs (102/172, 59.3%) did not report QoL results in primary publications. Particularly, RCTs testing immunotherapy, target therapy and chemotherapy did not disclose QoL data in primary publications in 97.0%, 51.5% and 46.5% of cases, respectively. Next, we found that only 43/95 (45.3%) positive studies reported QoL results in primary articles. Of the 102 trials missing QoL data in primary manuscripts, only 21 (20.6%) disclosed QoL results in a secondary publication. Finally, we found a common fail in adherence to CONSORT-PROs items in publications reporting QoL results. In summary, our study reveals a relevant inadequate assessment and under-reporting of QoL in RCTs of novel systemic treatments for patients with metastatic NSCLC.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/901714
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