We report herein an optimized procedure for preparation of carboxamides of 5,6-dihydroxyindole-2-carboxylic acid (DHICA), the main biosynthetic precursor of the skin photoprotective agents melanins, to get access to pigments with more favorable solubility properties with respect to the natural ones. The developed procedure was based on the use of a coupling agent (HATU/DIPEA) and required protection of the catechol function by easily removable acetyl groups. The O-acetylated compounds could be safely stored and taken to the reactive o-diphenol form just before use. Satisfactorily high yields (>85%) were obtained for all amides. The oxidative polymerization of the synthesized amides carried out in air in aqueous buffer at pH 9 afforded melanin-like pigmented materials that showed chromophores resembling those of DHICA-derived pigments, with a good covering of the UVA and the visible region, and additionally exhibited a good solubility in alcoholic solvents, a feature of great interest for the exploitation of these materials as ingredients of dermocosmetic formulations. © 2022 by the authors.

A Straightforward Access to New Amides of the Melanin Precursor 5,6-Dihydroxyindole-2-carboxylic Acid and Characterization of the Properties of the Pigments Thereof

Argenziano, R;Della Greca, M;Panzella, L;Napolitano, A
2022

Abstract

We report herein an optimized procedure for preparation of carboxamides of 5,6-dihydroxyindole-2-carboxylic acid (DHICA), the main biosynthetic precursor of the skin photoprotective agents melanins, to get access to pigments with more favorable solubility properties with respect to the natural ones. The developed procedure was based on the use of a coupling agent (HATU/DIPEA) and required protection of the catechol function by easily removable acetyl groups. The O-acetylated compounds could be safely stored and taken to the reactive o-diphenol form just before use. Satisfactorily high yields (>85%) were obtained for all amides. The oxidative polymerization of the synthesized amides carried out in air in aqueous buffer at pH 9 afforded melanin-like pigmented materials that showed chromophores resembling those of DHICA-derived pigments, with a good covering of the UVA and the visible region, and additionally exhibited a good solubility in alcoholic solvents, a feature of great interest for the exploitation of these materials as ingredients of dermocosmetic formulations. © 2022 by the authors.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/901664
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