Objective: To analyze the long-term fate of autologous fat graft in skull base reconstruction after an extended endoscopic transtuberculum-transplanum approach. Methods: Data from 98 consecutive patients undergoing a transtuberculum-transplanum approach and skull base reconstruction using the 3F technique between June 2017 and January 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. Fat graft volume was measured on postoperative day 1 computed tomography scan and early (≤15 days), 3-month, and 1-year magnetic resonance imaging scans. Fat graft volumes and resorption rate were calculated in patients with a complete radiological follow-up and correlated to demographic, pathological, and surgical features. Results: Fat volumes and resorption rate were calculated in 55 patients. Mean volume of fat on postoperative day 1 computed tomography scan was 3.58 ± 1.89 cm3 and on early, 3-month, and 1-year postoperative magnetic resonance imaging scans was 2.45 ± 1.57 cm3, 1.40 ± 0.76 cm3, and 0.92 ± 0.56 cm3, respectively. Resorption rate was 44% after 3 months and 67% after 1 year. Resorption rate did not significantly correlate with demographic, pathological, and surgical features. Cerebrospinal fluid leak requiring redo surgery occurred in 1 patient (1/98, 1.2%). There were 6 cases of visual worsening (6/98, 6.1%); no cases correlated to fat overpacking. No delayed complications at the donor site or at the grafting site were noted. Conclusions: Autologous fat graft in skull base reconstruction is observed to shrink significantly over time, reaching 67% in 1 year. Its use is associated with excellent outcomes, making it a favored material for skull base reconstruction.

The Fate of Fat Graft in Extended Endoscopic Transtuberculum-Transplanum Approaches

Solari D.
;
Elefante A.;Tortora F.;Esposito F.;Cavallo L. M.
2022

Abstract

Objective: To analyze the long-term fate of autologous fat graft in skull base reconstruction after an extended endoscopic transtuberculum-transplanum approach. Methods: Data from 98 consecutive patients undergoing a transtuberculum-transplanum approach and skull base reconstruction using the 3F technique between June 2017 and January 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. Fat graft volume was measured on postoperative day 1 computed tomography scan and early (≤15 days), 3-month, and 1-year magnetic resonance imaging scans. Fat graft volumes and resorption rate were calculated in patients with a complete radiological follow-up and correlated to demographic, pathological, and surgical features. Results: Fat volumes and resorption rate were calculated in 55 patients. Mean volume of fat on postoperative day 1 computed tomography scan was 3.58 ± 1.89 cm3 and on early, 3-month, and 1-year postoperative magnetic resonance imaging scans was 2.45 ± 1.57 cm3, 1.40 ± 0.76 cm3, and 0.92 ± 0.56 cm3, respectively. Resorption rate was 44% after 3 months and 67% after 1 year. Resorption rate did not significantly correlate with demographic, pathological, and surgical features. Cerebrospinal fluid leak requiring redo surgery occurred in 1 patient (1/98, 1.2%). There were 6 cases of visual worsening (6/98, 6.1%); no cases correlated to fat overpacking. No delayed complications at the donor site or at the grafting site were noted. Conclusions: Autologous fat graft in skull base reconstruction is observed to shrink significantly over time, reaching 67% in 1 year. Its use is associated with excellent outcomes, making it a favored material for skull base reconstruction.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/901173
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