After the 2018 collapse of Morandi highway bridge in Genova, new Italian guidelines (GL) were issued for prioritization of safety evaluations and retrofit interventions on existing bridges. Among several novelties, GL introduced new traffic load models (TLMs) which can be adopted for existing bridges in case of noncompliant safety checks according to the Italian building code (NTC) provisions. In this study, a class of simply supported, beam-type, prestressed concrete bridge decks built between 1970 and 1980 in Italy is considered. Assuming geometric, material, and load random variables together with consideration of capacity model uncertainty, Monte Carlo sampling technique was implemented in MATLAB in order to randomly generate deck models and to evaluate their traffic-load fragility. Fragility analysis was carried out to compare vulnerability levels of existing Italian bridges under different load patterns provided by GL and NTC. In addition to a prescribed TLM, the sensitivity of fragility to bridge usage limitations, such as reduced distance of external load lane from kerb or reduced number of lanes, was also quantified to support decision-making by road management companies. In the final part of the study, the annual failure probability of selected bridges was estimated using a European weigh-in-motion database and convolution of fragility and hazard. Analysis results show that structural fragility significantly depends on the load pattern, indicating that more realistic vehicle models should be developed to achieve a target safety level conforming to modern codes for constructions.

Fragility analysis of existing prestressed concrete bridges under traffic loads according to new Italian guidelines

Miluccio G.
Formal Analysis
;
Losanno D.
Methodology
;
Cosenza E.
Supervision
2022

Abstract

After the 2018 collapse of Morandi highway bridge in Genova, new Italian guidelines (GL) were issued for prioritization of safety evaluations and retrofit interventions on existing bridges. Among several novelties, GL introduced new traffic load models (TLMs) which can be adopted for existing bridges in case of noncompliant safety checks according to the Italian building code (NTC) provisions. In this study, a class of simply supported, beam-type, prestressed concrete bridge decks built between 1970 and 1980 in Italy is considered. Assuming geometric, material, and load random variables together with consideration of capacity model uncertainty, Monte Carlo sampling technique was implemented in MATLAB in order to randomly generate deck models and to evaluate their traffic-load fragility. Fragility analysis was carried out to compare vulnerability levels of existing Italian bridges under different load patterns provided by GL and NTC. In addition to a prescribed TLM, the sensitivity of fragility to bridge usage limitations, such as reduced distance of external load lane from kerb or reduced number of lanes, was also quantified to support decision-making by road management companies. In the final part of the study, the annual failure probability of selected bridges was estimated using a European weigh-in-motion database and convolution of fragility and hazard. Analysis results show that structural fragility significantly depends on the load pattern, indicating that more realistic vehicle models should be developed to achieve a target safety level conforming to modern codes for constructions.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/900941
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