Biotic stresses (fungi, bacteria, insects, weeds, etc.) are some of the most important causes of the decrease in the quality and quantity of crops that could become an emergency due to a noteworthy increase in the world population. Thus, to overcome these problems, massive use of chemical pesticides has been carried out with heavy consequences for environmental pollution and food safety. An eco-friendly alternative can be using natural compound-based biopesticides with high efficacy and selectivity. Some bacterial lipodepsipeptides (tolaasins I, II, A, D, and E and WLIP together with hexacetyl- and tetrahydro-tolaasin I and WLIP methyl ester) and cyclic dipeptides (cyclo(l-Pro-l-Tyr), cyclo(d-Pro-l-Tyr), cyclo(l-Pro-l-Val), and cyclo(l-Pro-l-Leu)) were assayed against several pathogenic bacteria and fungi of important agrarian plants. Lipodepsipeptides showed strong growth inhibition of all microorganisms tested in the range of 0.1-0.8 μg/mL, while cyclodipeptides, despite preserving this ability, showed a noteworthily reduced antimicrobial activity being active only in the range of 15-900 μg/mL. Among the lipodepsipeptides and cyclic dipeptides assayed, tolaasin d and cyclo(l-Pro-l-Tyr) (also named maculosin-1) appeared to be the most toxic compounds. Some structure-activity relationships of lipodepsipeptides were also discussed along with their practical application as biopesticides in agriculture.

Bacterial Lipodepsipeptides and Some of Their Derivatives and Cyclic Dipeptides as Potential Agents for Biocontrol of Pathogenic Bacteria and Fungi of Agrarian Plants

Castaldi, Stefany
Primo
Investigation
;
Cimmino, Alessio
Project Administration
;
Masi, Marco
Writing – Review & Editing
;
2022

Abstract

Biotic stresses (fungi, bacteria, insects, weeds, etc.) are some of the most important causes of the decrease in the quality and quantity of crops that could become an emergency due to a noteworthy increase in the world population. Thus, to overcome these problems, massive use of chemical pesticides has been carried out with heavy consequences for environmental pollution and food safety. An eco-friendly alternative can be using natural compound-based biopesticides with high efficacy and selectivity. Some bacterial lipodepsipeptides (tolaasins I, II, A, D, and E and WLIP together with hexacetyl- and tetrahydro-tolaasin I and WLIP methyl ester) and cyclic dipeptides (cyclo(l-Pro-l-Tyr), cyclo(d-Pro-l-Tyr), cyclo(l-Pro-l-Val), and cyclo(l-Pro-l-Leu)) were assayed against several pathogenic bacteria and fungi of important agrarian plants. Lipodepsipeptides showed strong growth inhibition of all microorganisms tested in the range of 0.1-0.8 μg/mL, while cyclodipeptides, despite preserving this ability, showed a noteworthily reduced antimicrobial activity being active only in the range of 15-900 μg/mL. Among the lipodepsipeptides and cyclic dipeptides assayed, tolaasin d and cyclo(l-Pro-l-Tyr) (also named maculosin-1) appeared to be the most toxic compounds. Some structure-activity relationships of lipodepsipeptides were also discussed along with their practical application as biopesticides in agriculture.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/900730
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