The biogenic synthesis of nanomaterials, i.e., synthesis carried out by means of living organisms, is an emerging technique in nanotechnology since it represents a greener and more eco-friendly method for the production of nanomaterials. In this line, in order to find new biological entities capable of biogenic synthesis, we tested the ability of some extremophilic microorganisms to carry out the biogenic production of AgNPs and SeNPs. Silver NPs were produced extracellularly by means of the thermophilic Thermus thermophilus strain SAMU; the haloalkaliphilic Halomonas campaniensis strain 5AG was instead found to be useful for the synthesis of SeNPs. The structural characterization of the biogenic nanoparticles showed that both the Ag and Se NPs possessed a protein coating on their surface and that they were organized in aggregates. Moreover, both types of NPs were found be able to exert an interesting antibacterial effect against either Gram-positive or Gram-negative species. This study confirmed that extremophilic microorganisms can be considered valuable producers of biologically active nanoparticles; nevertheless, further experiments must be performed to improve the synthesis protocols in addition to the downstream processes.

Extremophilic Microorganisms for the Green Synthesis of Antibacterial Nanoparticles

Vitiello G.;Gallucci N.;Di Girolamo R.;Cattaneo A.;Poli A.;
2022

Abstract

The biogenic synthesis of nanomaterials, i.e., synthesis carried out by means of living organisms, is an emerging technique in nanotechnology since it represents a greener and more eco-friendly method for the production of nanomaterials. In this line, in order to find new biological entities capable of biogenic synthesis, we tested the ability of some extremophilic microorganisms to carry out the biogenic production of AgNPs and SeNPs. Silver NPs were produced extracellularly by means of the thermophilic Thermus thermophilus strain SAMU; the haloalkaliphilic Halomonas campaniensis strain 5AG was instead found to be useful for the synthesis of SeNPs. The structural characterization of the biogenic nanoparticles showed that both the Ag and Se NPs possessed a protein coating on their surface and that they were organized in aggregates. Moreover, both types of NPs were found be able to exert an interesting antibacterial effect against either Gram-positive or Gram-negative species. This study confirmed that extremophilic microorganisms can be considered valuable producers of biologically active nanoparticles; nevertheless, further experiments must be performed to improve the synthesis protocols in addition to the downstream processes.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/900632
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