Sodium/Calcium exchangers are neuronal plasma membrane antiporters which, by coupling Ca2+ and Na+ fluxes across neuronal membranes, play a relevant role in brain ischemia. The most brain-expressed isoform among the members of the K+-dependent Na+/Ca2+ exchanger family, NCKX2, is involved in the progression of the ischemic lesion, since both its knocking-down and its knocking-out worsens ischemic damage. The aim of this study was to elucidate whether NCKX2 functions as an effector in the neuroprotection evoked by ischemic preconditioning. For this purpose, we investigated: (1) brain NCKX2 expression after preconditioning and preconditioning + ischemia; (2) the contribution of AKT and calpain to modulating NCKX2 expression during preconditioning; and (3) the effect of NCKX2 knocking-out on the neuroprotection mediated by ischemic preconditioning. Our results showed that NCKX2 expression increased in those brain regions protected by ischemic preconditioning. These changes were p-AKT-mediated since its inhibition prevented NCKX2 up-regulation. More interestingly, NCKX2 knocking-out significantly prevented the protection exerted by ischemic preconditioning. Overall, our results suggest that NCKX2 plays a fundamental role in the neuroprotective effect mediated by ischemic preconditioning and support the idea that the enhancement of its expression and activity might represent a reasonable strategy to reduce infarct extension after stroke.

K+-Dependent Na+/Ca2+ Exchanger Isoform 2, Nckx2, Takes Part in the Neuroprotection Elicited by Ischemic Preconditioning in Brain Ischemia

Cuomo, Ornella;Sirabella, Rossana;Boscia, Francesca;Casamassa, Antonella;Annunziato, Lucio;Pignataro, Giuseppe
2022

Abstract

Sodium/Calcium exchangers are neuronal plasma membrane antiporters which, by coupling Ca2+ and Na+ fluxes across neuronal membranes, play a relevant role in brain ischemia. The most brain-expressed isoform among the members of the K+-dependent Na+/Ca2+ exchanger family, NCKX2, is involved in the progression of the ischemic lesion, since both its knocking-down and its knocking-out worsens ischemic damage. The aim of this study was to elucidate whether NCKX2 functions as an effector in the neuroprotection evoked by ischemic preconditioning. For this purpose, we investigated: (1) brain NCKX2 expression after preconditioning and preconditioning + ischemia; (2) the contribution of AKT and calpain to modulating NCKX2 expression during preconditioning; and (3) the effect of NCKX2 knocking-out on the neuroprotection mediated by ischemic preconditioning. Our results showed that NCKX2 expression increased in those brain regions protected by ischemic preconditioning. These changes were p-AKT-mediated since its inhibition prevented NCKX2 up-regulation. More interestingly, NCKX2 knocking-out significantly prevented the protection exerted by ischemic preconditioning. Overall, our results suggest that NCKX2 plays a fundamental role in the neuroprotective effect mediated by ischemic preconditioning and support the idea that the enhancement of its expression and activity might represent a reasonable strategy to reduce infarct extension after stroke.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/900037
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