Pentachlorophenol (PCP) is quite persistent in the environment and severely affects different ecosystems including forest soil. The main objective of this work was to study different bioremediation processes of artificially PCP (100 mg kg-1) contaminated forest soil (Sc). In fact, we used bioaugmentation by adding two different bacterial consortia B1 and B2, biostimulation procedures by amendments based on forest compost (FC), municipal solid waste compost (MC), sewage sludge (SS), and phosphate, and their combined treatments. Soil physical and chemical properties, residual PCP, soil microbial biomass carbon, soil respiration and some enzymatic activities at zero time and after 30 d of incubation, were evaluated. A net reduction of PCP, 71% of the initial concentration, after 30 d-incubation occurred in the sample Sc+B1+FC, as the best performance among all treatments, due to natural attenuation, immobilization of PCP molecules in the forest soil through organic amendments, and the action of the exogenous microbial consortium B1. The single application of FC or B1 led to a depletion of PCP concentration of 52% and 41%, respectively. Soil microbial biomass carbon decreased in PCP contaminated soil but it increased when organic amendment also in combination with microbial consortia was carried out as bioremediation action. Soil respiration underwent no changes in contaminated soil and increased under FC based bioremediation treatment. These results demonstrate that the combined treatments of biostimulation and bioaugmentation might be a promising process for remediation of PCP contaminated soil.

Combined bioaugmentation and biostimulation techniques in bioremediation of pentachlorophenol contaminated forest soil

Di Rauso Simeone, Giuseppe;
2022

Abstract

Pentachlorophenol (PCP) is quite persistent in the environment and severely affects different ecosystems including forest soil. The main objective of this work was to study different bioremediation processes of artificially PCP (100 mg kg-1) contaminated forest soil (Sc). In fact, we used bioaugmentation by adding two different bacterial consortia B1 and B2, biostimulation procedures by amendments based on forest compost (FC), municipal solid waste compost (MC), sewage sludge (SS), and phosphate, and their combined treatments. Soil physical and chemical properties, residual PCP, soil microbial biomass carbon, soil respiration and some enzymatic activities at zero time and after 30 d of incubation, were evaluated. A net reduction of PCP, 71% of the initial concentration, after 30 d-incubation occurred in the sample Sc+B1+FC, as the best performance among all treatments, due to natural attenuation, immobilization of PCP molecules in the forest soil through organic amendments, and the action of the exogenous microbial consortium B1. The single application of FC or B1 led to a depletion of PCP concentration of 52% and 41%, respectively. Soil microbial biomass carbon decreased in PCP contaminated soil but it increased when organic amendment also in combination with microbial consortia was carried out as bioremediation action. Soil respiration underwent no changes in contaminated soil and increased under FC based bioremediation treatment. These results demonstrate that the combined treatments of biostimulation and bioaugmentation might be a promising process for remediation of PCP contaminated soil.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/899828
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