Isothermal crystallization kinetics of ethylene/1-octene (C2/C8) multiblock copolymers synthesized by chain shuttling technology is investigated. The samples are a reactor blend of segmented chains characterized by alternating crystalline and amorphous blocks with C8 content of 0.5 and 20 mol%, respectively, and statistical distribution of block number/chain and block length. The analysis is carried out after complete removal of a fraction (5–12 wt%), namely consisting of C8-rich blocks, through Kumagawa extraction with boiling diethyl ether. The resultant diethyl ether-insoluble fractions have similar average content of C8 units (≈13–14 mol%) and of crystalline blocks (≈23–27 wt%) but different molecular mass (the number average molecular mass Mn is ≈ 60–70 kDa for the samples 1,2 and ≈38 and ≈21 kDa for the samples 3 and 4, respectively). An additional sample with Mn ≈ 93 kDa, but a greater average content of C8 units (≈15 mol%) and a smaller content of crystalline blocks (15 wt%) is also analyzed. The crystallization half time of the samples increases with increase of Mn and, for each sample, its logarithm increases linearly with a decrease of the undercooling by a factor of -0.155/°C, for the samples 1–4 and −0.031/°C, for the sample 5. Using the classic kinetic crystallization model by Lauritzen and Hoffman, values of energy barrier constant due to contributions from primary nucleation KN and crystal growth KG are extracted. The KN contribution is esteemed to amount to ≈34% of the total barrier assuming regime II for the sample 5 and regime III (or I) for the samples 1–4, to ≈34% for the sample 5 and 67% for the samples 1–4, assuming regime II for all the samples. In all the cases, regardless of the assumed regimes, the KN values of the sample 5 are lower than those of the samples 1–4. As a final remark, the implications of crystallization kinetics on the solid-state morphology are also discussed, considering that transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images present a partially mesophase separated morphology for the samples 1,2, and 5 and a classic lamellar morphology for the samples 3 and 4.

Isothermal crystallization kinetics in bulk of olefin-based multiblock copolymers

Urciuoli, Gaia
;
Ruiz de Ballesteros, Odda;Femina, Giuseppe;Auriemma, Finizia
2022

Abstract

Isothermal crystallization kinetics of ethylene/1-octene (C2/C8) multiblock copolymers synthesized by chain shuttling technology is investigated. The samples are a reactor blend of segmented chains characterized by alternating crystalline and amorphous blocks with C8 content of 0.5 and 20 mol%, respectively, and statistical distribution of block number/chain and block length. The analysis is carried out after complete removal of a fraction (5–12 wt%), namely consisting of C8-rich blocks, through Kumagawa extraction with boiling diethyl ether. The resultant diethyl ether-insoluble fractions have similar average content of C8 units (≈13–14 mol%) and of crystalline blocks (≈23–27 wt%) but different molecular mass (the number average molecular mass Mn is ≈ 60–70 kDa for the samples 1,2 and ≈38 and ≈21 kDa for the samples 3 and 4, respectively). An additional sample with Mn ≈ 93 kDa, but a greater average content of C8 units (≈15 mol%) and a smaller content of crystalline blocks (15 wt%) is also analyzed. The crystallization half time of the samples increases with increase of Mn and, for each sample, its logarithm increases linearly with a decrease of the undercooling by a factor of -0.155/°C, for the samples 1–4 and −0.031/°C, for the sample 5. Using the classic kinetic crystallization model by Lauritzen and Hoffman, values of energy barrier constant due to contributions from primary nucleation KN and crystal growth KG are extracted. The KN contribution is esteemed to amount to ≈34% of the total barrier assuming regime II for the sample 5 and regime III (or I) for the samples 1–4, to ≈34% for the sample 5 and 67% for the samples 1–4, assuming regime II for all the samples. In all the cases, regardless of the assumed regimes, the KN values of the sample 5 are lower than those of the samples 1–4. As a final remark, the implications of crystallization kinetics on the solid-state morphology are also discussed, considering that transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images present a partially mesophase separated morphology for the samples 1,2, and 5 and a classic lamellar morphology for the samples 3 and 4.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/899549
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