Inflammation plays a crucial role in worsening coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Calprotectin is a pro-inflammatory molecule produced by monocytes and neutrophilic granulocytes. The aim of the study was to evaluate both the prognostic role of circulating calprotectin levels and neutrophil count toward fatal outcome in COVID-19 patients. We retrospectively collected and analyzed data on 195 COVID-19 adult patients, 156 hospitalized in the infectious disease unit and 39 in the intensive care unit (ICU). Calprotectin levels and neutrophil counts measured at the first hospitalization day were higher in the patients with a fatal outcome than in surviving ones. The association of high calprotectin levels and neutrophil count to patient death remain significant by logistic regression, independent of patient age. ROC curves analysis for calprotectin levels and neutrophil count revealed a good discriminatory power toward survival (area under the curve of 0.759 and 0.843, respectively) and identified the best cut-off (1.66 mg/L and 16.39 × 103/µL, respectively). Kaplan-Meier analysis confirmed the prognostic role of high calprotectin levels and neutrophil count in death prediction. In conclusion, this study highlights that calprotectin levels together with neutrophil count should be considered as biomarkers of mortality in COVID-19 patients.

Calprotectin Levels and Neutrophil Count Are Prognostic Markers of Mortality in COVID-19 Patients

Cardiero, Giovanna
Primo
;
Palma, Daniela;Vano, Martina;Anastasio, Claudia;Pinchera, Biagio;Savoia, Marcella;Gentile, Ivan;Di Taranto, Maria Donata
;
Fortunato, Giuliana
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Inflammation plays a crucial role in worsening coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Calprotectin is a pro-inflammatory molecule produced by monocytes and neutrophilic granulocytes. The aim of the study was to evaluate both the prognostic role of circulating calprotectin levels and neutrophil count toward fatal outcome in COVID-19 patients. We retrospectively collected and analyzed data on 195 COVID-19 adult patients, 156 hospitalized in the infectious disease unit and 39 in the intensive care unit (ICU). Calprotectin levels and neutrophil counts measured at the first hospitalization day were higher in the patients with a fatal outcome than in surviving ones. The association of high calprotectin levels and neutrophil count to patient death remain significant by logistic regression, independent of patient age. ROC curves analysis for calprotectin levels and neutrophil count revealed a good discriminatory power toward survival (area under the curve of 0.759 and 0.843, respectively) and identified the best cut-off (1.66 mg/L and 16.39 × 103/µL, respectively). Kaplan-Meier analysis confirmed the prognostic role of high calprotectin levels and neutrophil count in death prediction. In conclusion, this study highlights that calprotectin levels together with neutrophil count should be considered as biomarkers of mortality in COVID-19 patients.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
diagnostics-12-02554-v2.pdf

accesso aperto

Licenza: Non specificato
Dimensione 1.62 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.62 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/899368
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact