In buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) reproductive seasonality, causing cycles of milk production, is one of the major factors affecting farming profitability. Follicular fluid (FF) contains extracellular vesicles (EVs) playing an important role in modulating oocyte developmental competence and carrying microRNAs (miRNAs) essential for in vitro fertilization outcomes. The aim of this work was to characterize the FF-EVs-miRNA cargo of antral (An) and preovulatory (pO) follicles collected in the breeding (BS) and non-breeding (NBS) seasons, to unravel the molecular causes of the reduced oocyte competence recorded in buffalo during the NBS. In total, 1335 miRNAs (538 known Bos taurus miRNAs, 324 homologous to known miRNAs from other species and 473 new candidate miRNAs) were found. We identified 413 differentially expressed miRNAs (DE-miRNAs) (FDR < 0.05) between An and pO groups. A subset of the most significant DE-miRNAs between An and pO groups targets genes which function is related to the lipid and steroid metabolism, response to glucocorticoid and oestradiol stimulus. Comparison between BS and NBS showed 14 and 12 DE-miRNAs in An-FF-EVs and pO-FF-EVs, which regulate IL6 release and cellular adhesion, respectively. In conclusion, these results demonstrated that the miRNA cargo of buffalo FF-EVs varies in relation to both follicular development and season.

Variations of follicular fluid extracellular vesicles miRNAs content in relation to development stage and season in buffalo

Kosior, Michal Andrzej;Cocchia, Natascia;Del Prete, Chiara;Longobardi, Valentina;Gasparrini, Bianca
2022

Abstract

In buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) reproductive seasonality, causing cycles of milk production, is one of the major factors affecting farming profitability. Follicular fluid (FF) contains extracellular vesicles (EVs) playing an important role in modulating oocyte developmental competence and carrying microRNAs (miRNAs) essential for in vitro fertilization outcomes. The aim of this work was to characterize the FF-EVs-miRNA cargo of antral (An) and preovulatory (pO) follicles collected in the breeding (BS) and non-breeding (NBS) seasons, to unravel the molecular causes of the reduced oocyte competence recorded in buffalo during the NBS. In total, 1335 miRNAs (538 known Bos taurus miRNAs, 324 homologous to known miRNAs from other species and 473 new candidate miRNAs) were found. We identified 413 differentially expressed miRNAs (DE-miRNAs) (FDR < 0.05) between An and pO groups. A subset of the most significant DE-miRNAs between An and pO groups targets genes which function is related to the lipid and steroid metabolism, response to glucocorticoid and oestradiol stimulus. Comparison between BS and NBS showed 14 and 12 DE-miRNAs in An-FF-EVs and pO-FF-EVs, which regulate IL6 release and cellular adhesion, respectively. In conclusion, these results demonstrated that the miRNA cargo of buffalo FF-EVs varies in relation to both follicular development and season.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/896040
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